1986

% of Total

% of Temporary Residents

1996

% of Total

% of Temporary Residents

2003

% of Total

% of Temporary Residents

223

1.2

5.3

3074

11.3

38.8

2559

10.2

30.9

524

2.8

12.6

1324

4.9

16.7

801

3.2

9.7

417

2.2

10.0

987

3.6

12.4

972

3.9

11.7

809

4.4

19.4

1198

4.4

15.1

478

1.9

5.8

113

0.6

2.7

153

0.6

1.9

187

0.7

2.3

65

0.4

1.6

92

0.3

1.2

34

0.1

0.4

2151

11.6

51.5

6828

25.0

86.1

5031

20.0

60.8

63

0.3

1.5

171

0.6

2.2

196

0.8

2.4

84

0.5

2.0

116

0.4

1.5

114

0.5

1.4

48

0.3

1.1

75

0.3

0.9

111

0.4

1.3

38

0.2

0.9

70

0.3

0.9

89

0.4

1.1

92

0.5

2.2

80

0.3

1.0

55

0.2

0.7

16

0.1

0.4

29

0.1

0.4

26

0.1

0.3

262

1.4

6.3

341

1.3

4.3

591

2.4

7.1

18450

 

 

27275

 

 

25121

 

 

4174

22.5

 

7929

29.1

 

8276

32.9

 

high level of participation of foreign-born scientists and engineers in US laboratories and classrooms warrants increased efforts to understand this phenomenon and to ensure that policies regarding their movement and activities are adequate. This chapter summarizes some of the effects of international scientists and engineers on the US S&E enterprise, economy, national security, and other national interests.



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