FIGURE 1-2 Enrollments by field, citizenship, and institutional type. SOURCE: National Science Foundation. 2004. Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering 2002. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation.

has increased from 37.4 percent in 1982 to 58.8 percent in 2002 (see Figure 1-3). Similarly, the share of foreign-born faculty who earned their doctoral degrees at US universities has increased from 11.7 percent in 1973 to 20.4 percent in 1999. In engineering fields, the share increased from 18.6 percent to 34.7 percent in the same period.6


National Science Board. 2004. Science and Engineering Indicators 2004 (NSB 04-2). Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, Appendix Table 5-24. Available at

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