. "1 International Science and Engineering Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States." Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2005.
aNational Center for Education Statistics. 2002. Digest of Education Statistics, 2002 (NCES 2003060). Washington, DC: US Department of Education, Table 315. Average graduate-student tuition was weighted by fall full-time graduate enrollment. These numbers include all doctoral-degree programs but not professional schools. NOTES: A rough estimate of the total investment in S&E graduate enrollment from state, federal, university, and private sources can be obtained by multiplying average support by S&E enrollment, yielding a figure of $13 billion.
bNational Center for Education Statistics. 2002. Ibid, Tables 323 and 345. These numbers include all doctoral-degree programs but not professional schools.
frequently granted residence after one year.43 In comparison, at the graduate level, many public universities grant tuition waivers to nonresident academic student employees, such as teaching assistants (TAs) and research assistants (RAs), but these waivers vary considerably by state, within state campuses, and even by departments within an institution.44 If funding is available, individual S&E departments also offer to cover tuition charges, using research grant funds, to attract and retain talented international graduate students. Other funding sources include competitive fellowships and scholarships. Table 1-4 shows policies for several of the public universities with the highest numbers of international graduate students (see Figures 1-5 and 1-6).