FIGURE 1-15 Primary mechanisms of support for postdoctoral scholars, 1983-2002.

SOURCE: Data for Figures 1-15 and 1-16 are from National Science Foundation. 2004. Survey of Earned Doctorates 2002. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation. Non-Federal Sources: support from the institution of higher education, state and local government, foreign sources, nonprofit institutions, or private industry; research grants: support from federal agencies to a principal investigator, under whom postdoctoral scholars work; traineeships: educational awards given to scholars selected by the institution or by a federal agency; fellowships: competitive awards given directly to scholars for financial support of their graduate or postdoctoral studies.

FIGURE 1-16 Mechanisms of support for postdoctoral scholars by field, 1998-2002.

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