A
Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations


Absenteeism

Habitual absence from work; may reflect demoralization or dissatisfaction on the part of the employee

ACIP

Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices

ACOEM

American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

ACSM

American College of Sports Medicine

Agency

Refers to the NASA organization

AIHA

American Industrial Hygiene Association

APQC

American Productivity and Quality Center


Benchmark

The process of measuring standards of actual performance against those achieved by others with broadly similar characteristics to improve quality so that individuals, organizations, or services can raise their own performance to that of the best


CAIB

Columbia Accident Investigation Board

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Center

Refers to one of the 14 individual worksites that comprise the NASA organization

CHAA

Corporate Health Achievement Award

CHDP

Child Health and Disability Prevention

CHMO

Chief Health and Medical Officer



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OCR for page 171
Integrating Employee Health: A Model Program for NASA A Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Absenteeism Habitual absence from work; may reflect demoralization or dissatisfaction on the part of the employee ACIP Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices ACOEM American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine ACSM American College of Sports Medicine Agency Refers to the NASA organization AIHA American Industrial Hygiene Association APQC American Productivity and Quality Center Benchmark The process of measuring standards of actual performance against those achieved by others with broadly similar characteristics to improve quality so that individuals, organizations, or services can raise their own performance to that of the best CAIB Columbia Accident Investigation Board CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Center Refers to one of the 14 individual worksites that comprise the NASA organization CHAA Corporate Health Achievement Award CHDP Child Health and Disability Prevention CHMO Chief Health and Medical Officer

OCR for page 171
Integrating Employee Health: A Model Program for NASA Claim Cost The total cost of claims against insurance that includes medical and indemnity benefits, and administrative and incentive fees Comprehensive Refers to the intention to strengthen all sectors of well-being, including social, educational, economic, physical, and cultural components, while addressing the interrelationships among them CRI Crisis and Readiness Initiative Data Architecture Defines how data is stored, managed, and utilized in a data management system Direct Cost The value of all goods and services that are consumed in the provision of an intervention or in dealing with effects or future consequences that are linked to it Disability Refers to any long- or short-term reduction of a person’s activity as a result of an acute or chronic condition EAP Employee Assistance Program EHRS Electronic Health Record System FEHBP Federal Employee Health Benefits Program FFRDC Federally Funded Research and Development Center FMLA Family and Medical Leave Act FTE Full-Time Equivalent HAN Health Alert Network HERO Health Enhancement Research Organization Health Promotion A comprehensive social and political process that embraces actions directed at strengthening the skills and capabilities of individuals, and changing social, environmental, and economic conditions to relieve their impact on individual and public health HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act HMO Health Maintenance Organization HPMS Health and Productivity Management System HPWT Health Promotion and Wellness Team HRA Health Risk Appraisal

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Integrating Employee Health: A Model Program for NASA IH/WBMS Integrated health/well-being management system Indirect Cost Refers to productivity gains or losses related to illness or death Integrated A system that combines services within a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of care for its participants. In a fully integrated system the key elements are in balance in terms of matching resources with the needs of participants Medical Cost The direct medical expenditures associated with illness, disease, or disability Meta-analysis A method for combining and integrating the results of independent studies of the effect of a given intervention Metric A quantitative measure of performance that should drive appropriate leadership or management action NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NIEHS National Institute of Environmental Health and Safety NIOSH National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health Occupational Health The promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations by preventing departures from health, controlling risks and adapting work to people, and people to their jobs OCHMO Office of the Chief Health and Medical Officer OH Occupational Health OHSMS Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems OPHEP Office of Public Health Emergency Preparedness OPM Office of Personnel Management OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration PIPE Penetration, Implementation, Participation, and Effectiveness

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Integrating Employee Health: A Model Program for NASA Population Health Approach Recognizes that health is a capacity or resource rather than a state; it corresponds to the notion of being able to pursue one’s goals, to acquire skills and education, and achieve personal growth. This approach is focused on population-based data rather than on data on individuals in a population PPO Preferred Provider Organization Predictive Modeling A technique used to predict future behavior and anticipate the consequences of change; data is collected, a statistical model is formulated, predictions are made and the model is validated (or revised) as additional data becomes available Presenteeism On-the-job productivity loss that is illness related; for example, problems such as allergies, asthma, chronic back pain, migraines, arthritis and depression; also related to productivity loss resulting from caregiving, lack of job satisfaction, and organization culture Preventive Medicine A branch of medicine concerned with preventing disease Productivity The amount of work or production output per unit of input from labor, equipment, and/or capital used R&D Research and Development Resilient Able to adapt and rebound readily following an adverse event Risk Factor Social, economic, or biological status, behaviors or environments associated causally or increase susceptibility to disease, illness, or injury SOLAR Site for On-line Learning and Resources StD Short-term disability STEPS Steps to a Healthier U.S. Workforce Initiative USDHHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services VPP Voluntary Protection Program

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Integrating Employee Health: A Model Program for NASA Well-Being An optimum condition of health, based on a balanced lifestyle, in which an individual experiences satisfaction and confidence in personal levels of fitness Wellness A health care process that fosters awareness of and attitudes toward healthy lifestyles that enable individuals to make informed choices to achieve optimum physical and mental health WHO World Health Organization