Company. While his early career focused on developing chemical processes or new products, he is currently analyzing environmental issues of interest to his company to help set policy or develop business programs. In that capacity, he has formulated performance metrics for industrial ecology and presented them in a wide range of venues. He has also participated in a number of global change-related activities, including the mid-Atlantic assessment of the environment. Mr. Carberry has served on a number of committees dealing with performance metrics, most notably the NRC Committee on Industrial Environmental Performance Metrics and the American Institute for Chemical Engineering’s Sustainability Metrics Working Group.

David J.C. Constable is director of sustainable development, environment, health and safety product stewardship, corporate environment, health, and safety at GlaxoSmithKline. In addition to his other duties, he is responsible for developing the company’s sustainability metrics. He has brought this expertise to the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, where he participated in or led a number of working groups developing sustainability metrics for industrial issues, such as energy, water usage, and pollutants. Dr. Constable also has experience working with government agencies and academia, mostly to advance state-of-the-art environmental technologies.

Paul V. Desanker is an associate professor of geography at the Pennsylvania State University. His research focuses on forest landscape management, the effects of land-use change on ecosystem processes, and the assessment of impacts and of adaptation to climate change. Much of his work concentrates on Africa, and he has served on numerous committees related to climate change on that continent. He is also a member of the United Nation’s Framework Convention on Climate Change Least Developed Countries Expert Group and of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC’s) Task Group on Climate Impacts Assessments.

Marvin A. Geller is a professor of atmospheric sciences at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. His research deals with atmospheric dynamics, middle and upper atmosphere, climate variability, and aeronomy. Dr. Geller has served on many national and international advisory committees on atmospheric science, the upper atmosphere, and near-space environment and is currently president of the Scientific Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Physics. He is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society and the American Geophysical Union (AGU), and a past president of AGU’s Atmospheric Sciences Section.

Eileen E. Hofmann is a professor in the Department of Oceanography at Old Dominion University. Her research focuses on analysis and modeling

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