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Strengthening U.S.-Russian Cooperation on Nuclear Nonproliferation: Recommendations for Action
States and Russia and served as counsel for the U.S. government’s sanctions and other responses to the 1998 Indian and Pakistani nuclear tests. Earlier in his State Department career, Kittrie specialized in trade controls governing arms and dual-use items, in which capacity he was a principal drafter of U.N. Security Council resolutions, U.S. executive orders, and U.S. regulations imposing and implementing arms embargoes on terrorism-supporting and other outlaw regimes, including Rwanda during the genocide. Kittrie is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and a graduate of Yale University and the University of Michigan Law School.
M. Teresa Olascoaga currently leads the Cooperative International Programs (CIP) Group, one of two International Security Center (ISC) groups at Sandia National Laboratories. She is also the former deputy director of the ISC. She manages a broad spectrum of programs focused on nuclear and biological nonproliferation, nuclear materials management, regional security, and arms control and leads the six CIP departments. Terri has 10 years of experience managing and leading U.S. nuclear security programs and strategic initiatives, particularly those with Russia, including the U.S. Department of Energy-National Nuclear Security Administration’s Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC&A) program. She also has more than 15 years of domestic and international experience in managing and performing security system design, evaluation, technology/policy support, and training for various applications, including U.S Department of Energy, U.S. Department of Defense, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, International Atomic Energy Agency, and North Atlantic Treaty Organization nuclear security and for commercial aviation security in the United States. Terri holds a B.S. degree in mathematics from New Mexico State University and an M.S. in industrial engineering from Columbia University.
Daniel Poneman is principal at The Scowcroft Group, providing strategic advice to the Group clients in the energy, aerospace, information technology, and manufacturing industries, among others. For nine years he practiced law in Washington, D.C., assisting clients in a wide variety of regulatory and policy matters, including export controls, trade policy, and sanctions issues. From 1993 through 1996, Mr. Poneman served as special assistant to the president and senior director for nonproliferation and export controls at the National Security Council (NSC), with responsibilities for the development and implementation of U.S. policy in such areas as peaceful nuclear cooperation, missile technology and space-launch activities, sanctions determinations, chemical and biological arms control efforts, and conventional arms transfer policy. During that period, he participated in negotiations and consultations with governments in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, and the former Soviet Union. Mr. Poneman joined the NSC staff in 1990 as director of defense policy and arms control, after service in the U.S. Department of Energy. He has served as a member of the Commission to Assess the Organization of the Federal Government to Combat the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, as well as other federal advisory panels. He received A.B. and J.D. degrees from Harvard University and an M.Litt. in politics from Oxford University. Mr. Poneman is the author of books on nuclear energy policy, Korea, and Argentina and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
William H. Press is senior laboratory fellow at Los Alamos National Laboratory. From 1998 to 2004 he served as the Laboratory’s deputy director for science and technology, sharing responsibility for all aspects of managing a research and development organization with an annual budget of $2.0 billion and about 12,000 employees. His responsibilities at times included relations with governmental sponsors and congressional liason; resource allocation; community and tribal relations; environment, safety, and health; and workforce issues (particularly those affecting the Laboratory’s 4,000 technical staff members). While deputy director, Press was responsible for ensuring the scientific quality of the Laboratory’s technical programs. He was directly responsible for the strategic allocation of all internal research and development funds (about $107 million in fiscal year 2004); oversaw institutional initiatives on technical staff recruitment and retention; chartered and appointed more than 25 outside review committees for the Laboratory’s divisions; guided the Laboratory’s relationship in academic matters with its parent institution, the University of California; and had line management responsibility for functions such as student and postdoctoral programs, the research library, the office of the chief information officer, and the Laboratory’s projectized work (some $200 million) in the national Spallation Neutron Source project. Before going to Los Alamos in 1998, Press was professor of astronomy and of physics at Harvard University. At the time of his arrival there in 1976, he was its youngest tenured professor. Subsequently, he served as chairman of the Department of Astronomy. Earlier, Press was assistant professor of physics at Princeton University, and Richard Chace Tolman Research Fellow in Theoretical Physics at Caltech, where he received a Ph.D. in physics in 1972. His undergraduate degree was from Harvard in 1969. Press, a member of the National Academy of Sciences, has published more than 140 papers in the areas of theoretical astrophysics, cosmology, and computational algorithms.
RUSSIAN COMMITTEE ON STRENGTHENING U.S.-RUSSIAN COOPERATION ON NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION
Vice Admiral Ashot Arakelovich Sarkisov (Chair) is academician, advisor to the Russian Academy of Sciences, and