Sutman, F.X., Schmuckler, J.S., Hilosky, A.B., Priestly, H.S., and Priestly, W.J. (1996). Seeking more effective outcomes from science laboratory experiences (Grades 7-14): Six companion studies. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, April, St. Louis, MO.


Tobin, K.G. (2004). Culturally adaptive teaching and learning science in labs. Presentation to the Committee on High School Science Laboratories: Role and Vision, July 12-13, National Research Council, Washington, DC. Available at: http://www7.nationalacademies.org/bose/KTobin_71204_HSLabs_Mtg.pdf [accessed August 2005].

Trumbull, D., and Kerr, P. (1993). University researchers’ inchoate critiques of science teaching: Implications for the content of pre-service science teacher education. Science Education, 77(3), 301-317.

Tushnet, N.C., Millsap, M.A., Noraini, A., Brigham, N., Cooley, E., Elliott, J., Johnston, K., Martinez, A., Nierenberg, M., and Rosenblum, S. (2000). Final report on the evaluation of the National Science Foundation’s Instructional Materials Development Program. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation.


U.S. Department of Education. (2000). Before it’s too late: A report to the nation from the national commission on mathematics and science teaching for the 21st century. Washington, DC: Author.

U.S. Department of Education. (2004). The condition of education. Washington, DC: Author. Available at: http://www.nces.ed.gov/programs/coe/2004/section4/indicator24.asp [accessed Feb. 2005].

U.S. Department of Energy. (2004). The laboratory science teacher professional development program. Washington, DC: Author. Available at: http://www.scied.science.doe.gov/scied/LSTPD/about.htm [accessed Feb. 2005].


van Zee, E., and Minstrell, J. (1997). Using questioning to guide student thinking. Journal of the Learning Sciences, 6(2), 227-269.

Volkmann, M., and Abell, S. (2003). Rethinking laboratories. Science Teacher, September, 38-41.


Weiss, I.R., Pasley, J.D., Smith, P.S., Banilower, E.R., and Heck, D.J. (2003). Looking inside the classroom: A study of K-12 mathematics and science education in the United States. Chapel Hill, NC: Horizon Research.

Westbrook, S., and Marek, E. (1992). A cross-age study of student understanding of the concept of homeostasis. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 29, 51-61.

Williams, M., Linn, M.C., Ammon, P., and Gearhart, M. (2004). Learning to teach inquiry science in a technology-based environment: A case study. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 13(2), 189-206.

Windschitl, M. (2004). What types of knowledge do teachers use to engage learners in “doing science”? Rethinking the continuum of preparation and professional development for secondary science educators. Paper prepared for the Committee on High School Science Laboratories: Role and Vision, June 3-4, National Research Council, Washington, DC. Available at: http://www7.nationalacademies.org/bose/June_3-4_2004_High_School_Labs_Meeting_Agenda.html [accessed May 2005].

Wright, S.P., Horn, S., and Sanders, W. (1997). Teacher and classroom context effects on student achievement: Implications for teacher evaluation. Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Education, 11(1), 57-67.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement