Question 5-1: Have research and expert professional judgment about the ways in which students learn science been considered in the design of the state’s science assessments?
Question 5-2: Have the science assessments and tasks been created to shed light on how well and to what degree students are progressing over time toward more expert understanding?
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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"5 Designing Science Assessment."
Systems for State Science Assessment.
Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2005.
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