Education Research, Practice, and Progress: Strategic Planning at the National Academies. He has a Ph.D. in science education from New York University.

Meryl W. Bertenthal (Study Director) is a senior program officer in the Board on Testing and Assessment of the National Research Council. Previously, she served as a senior research associate with the Committee on Equivalency and Linkage of Educational Tests and the Board on Testing and Assessment. She also served as a senior program officer with the Committee on Programs for Advanced Study of Mathematics and Science in American High Schools and as study director for the Committee on Assessment in Support of Instruction and Learning. Before joining the NRC staff she worked in public education as a teacher and as a curriculum and instructional supervisor. Her areas of interest include student assessment, educational reform, and education policy. She has an M.A.Ed from Clark University and completed a post master’s degree program in counseling education at the University of Virginia.

Audrey B. Champagne is a professor in the Department of Educational Theory and Practice in the School of Education and in the Department of Chemistry in the College of Arts and Sciences at the University at Albany, State University of New York. She also serves as coprincipal investigator of the Students’ Construction of Scientific and Mathematical Explanations Project and of the local systemic initiative, Assessment in the Service of Learning. Previously, she served as a senior scientist and project director of the Learning Research and Development Center at the University of Pittsburgh. Her involvement in U.S. and international activities in the assessment of science achievement has included membership on advisory committees for the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study. She is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. She participated in the development of the National Science Education Standards and served as chair of the National Research Council’s Working Group on Science Assessment Standards. Champagne is a member of the planning committee charged with the design of the 2006 NAEP Science Framework. She has a Ph.D. in science education from the University of Pittsburgh.

David N. Figlio is the Knight-Ridder professor of economics at the University of Florida and research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. He also serves as associate of the Institute for Research on Poverty and has previously served on the faculty at the University of Oregon. His work focuses on education and public finance and includes investigations of the quality of public and private schools and the relationship between teacher pay and teacher quality. He has also worked in Chile, Sweden, Tanzania, Thailand, and other countries to help design and evaluate school policies. His work on school accountability and education policy has been published or is forthcoming in the American Economic Review, the

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