and terminology for identity, components of identity, language, interpersonal relationships, and sense of belonging/societal relations.

Altogether, 10 focus groups were convened in five cities between February 10 and May 17, 2004, with 98 first-, second-, and third-generation Hispanics ages 18 to 31.3 The locations were chosen to sample residents of areas with established concentrations of Hispanics (e.g., Los Angeles), as well as residents of new areas where Hispanic communities are emerging (e.g., Raleigh). Eight of the groups were conducted in English and two in Spanish.

The focus group participants were randomly selected from Hispanic households in the five cities using community-based recruiting. To enhance the size of the sample frame as well as the representativeness of the focus group participants, the sampling combined several standard recruitment approaches, including intercepts; referrals; recruiter databases; and responses to ads posted in community centers, churches, and shopping areas frequented by the Hispanic population in each city.


This report uses adjusted figures from the 2000 census to estimate the size of the Hispanic population. By reallocating individuals classified as “other Hispanic” in published tabulations, this adjustment produces a more accurate tally of the size of specific groups. It does not affect the total count of Hispanics in the United States. The 2000 census reported about 5 million people who checked “other Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino” but did not indicate a specific ethnicity or national origin. However, about 2 million of them in fact reported a specific Spanish-speaking Latin American country of birth or ancestry in response to the questions on the long form. This additional information was used to assign these persons to a specific national-origin group. For all Hispanic groups, the adjusted figures are shown in Table A-1.


The Current Population Survey (CPS) is an important primary data source for intergenerational analysis. Since 1980, the decennial censuses have been constrained by the deletion of the parental nativity question that was asked from 1870 to 1970, making it impossible to distinguish the first and second (foreign-parentage) generations from each other and from third

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement