B

Birth rate among immigrant populations, 6, 23–24

Bolivians, 27

Border control, 30, 31–32

Bracero Accords, 27–29

Brazil, 20

C

California, 21, 64, 65–66

Cancer, 101

Cardiovascular disease, 8, 111 n88

Census practices

concept of race, 40–45

ethnic categories, 4, 21, 37, 38–40, 50, 51, 52 n8

parental birthplace questions, 50, 51

strategies for improving, 50, 51

use of surname as ethnic identifier, 39, 52 n7

Childbearing patterns

among youth, 25, 103

economic outcomes and, 124

educational attainment and, 24, 25

Hispanic family characteristics, 24

immigrant vs. native-born, 25

nonmarital, 24–25, 78, 79, 106–107

prenatal care, 106

Civil Rights movement (1960s), 38

Clinton administration, 58

Cohabitation, 79, 80

College enrollment and graduation, 7

economic outcomes and, 59, 124

expectations and aspirations, 85, 86

obstacles to, 86–87

trends, 87, 123, 124

tuition assistance, 58

two-year colleges, 87

Colombians, 44, 65

Construction industry, 66, 67

Country of origin

diversity within Hispanic population, 19–20, 23, 38

educational attainment patterns, 82

employment rate variation, 88

ethnic self-identification and, 37, 117

geographic distribution in U.S., 21–22

household income and, 94

language proficiency and, 46

political orientation and, 69

poverty patterns, 97

undocumented immigrants, 27

U.S. population growth, 26–27

wage rates and, 90

See also specific immigrant group

Criminal justice, 16 n2

Cubans, 70

access to health care, 104

attitudes toward government, 70

childbearing patterns, 79

educational attainment, 82

employment rate, 88

ethnic/racial identity, 41, 44

family characteristics, 24, 78

geographic distribution of immigrant population, 21–22

household income, 94

immigration patterns, 22

infant mortality, 101

intergenerational earnings patterns, 92

language proficiency of immigrants from, 46

poverty patterns, 97

prenatal care, 106

Current Population Survey, 51

D

Depression, 103

Diabetes, 8, 101, 107

Diet and nutrition, 102

Directive 15 (OMB), 38–39, 41, 45

Discrimination

against dark-skinned Mexicans, 109 n47



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