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Multiple Origins, Uncertain Destinies: Hispanics and the American Future
of the labor market participation of the youthful Hispanic population, as well as Hispanics’ social and economic future, will be compromised by underinvestment in the education of their second generation.
U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2005. This estimate does not include the 4 million residents of Puerto Rico, although they are U.S. citizens.
Given a choice, migrants from Latin America overwhelmingly prefer to self-identify by country of origin, but if forced to choose between the two panethnic terms, they prefer “Hispanic” to “Latino” by a margin of three to one. “Black” and “white,” as used herein, refer to non-Hispanic African Americans/blacks and whites.
There are areas in which data are emerging that the report does not cover; criminal justice, religion, and the military are three such examples. The panel considered these topics but decided that the research base was inadequate to build strong conclusions.