20  

López, 1996; Portes and Rumbaut, 2001.

21  

Pew Hispanic Center, Assimilation and Language, 2004:Table 2.

22  

López, 1978. Among the men, the pattern was similar except that their shift to English by the second generation was even more marked.

23  

Rumbaut, 2006:Table 10.

24  

The CILS is described in Portes and Rumbaut, 2001.

25  

Stavans, 2003:5.

26  

Stavans, 2003:35.

27  

Stavans, 2003:35.

28  

Alba, 2004.

29  

Alba, 2004; Alba et al., 2002.

30  

Pew Hispanic Center, Assimilation and Language, 2004.

31  

The American Community Survey asks the same questions about migration and foreign birth that were asked in census 2000, including place of birth of the respondent, citizenship status, year of entry, ancestry, and language spoken at home—but not parental birthplace.

32  

Rumbaut, 2004.



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