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management methods (transmutation and disposal), as well as for the existing practice of high-level waste management. In Russia at the Mayak radiochemical plant, the UE-35 industrial facility, which recovers cesium and strontium from high-level waste, has been in operation since 1996. The next stage is aimed at development and implementation of actinide separation technology from high-level waste. For this purpose the following four processes are being studied and tested: (1) processes based on chlorinated cobalt dicarbollide (ChCoDiC-process); (2) isoamyldialkyl-phosphine oxide (POR-process); (3) diphenyldibutyl-carbamoylphosphine oxide (modified TRUEX-process); and (4) a combination of ChCoDiC, carbamoylphosphine oxide (CMPO), and polyethylene glycol (PEG) (UNEX-process).

ADDITIONAL REFERENCES

Dzekun, E. G., A. S. Scobtsov, et al. Proceedings of Conference in Ozersk (Zav. Lab.) pp. 29–36. [in Russian]


Horowitz, E. P., and W. W. Schulz. 1998. Metal Ion Separation and Preconcentration: Progress and Opportunities, Chapter XX, eds. A. H. Bond, M. L. Dietz, and R. D. Rogers. Cary, N.C.: American Nuclear Society.


Kulyako, Yu. M., D. A. Malikov, T. I. Trofimov, and B. F. Myasoedov. 1996. Behavior of transplutonium and rare earth elements in acidic and alkaline solutions of potassium ferricyanide. Mendeleev Communications 5:173–174.


Myasoedov, B. F., M. K. Chmutova, A. Yu. Shadrin, V. N. Romanovskiy, I. V. Smirnov, V. A. Babain. 1993. Proceedings of the International Conference and Technology Exhibition on Future Nuclear Systems: Emerging Fuel Cycles and Waste Disposal Options, GLOBAL ‘93, September 12–17, 1993, Seattle, Washington 1:581–587.

NOTES

1.  

E. A. Filippov, E. G. Dzekun, A. K. Nardova, I. V. Mamakin, V. M. Gelis, and V. V. Milyutin. Application of crown-ethers and ferrocyanide-based inorganic material for caesium and strontium recovery. Proceedings of the Symposium on Waste Management, Tucson, Arizona, March 1–5, 1992, 2(1992):1021–1025.

2.  

Ibid.

3.  

E. G. Dzekun, A. S. Scobtsov, et al. Proceedings of Conference in Ozersk (Zav. Lab.). 1991. p. 29–36. [in Russian]

4.  

E. P. Horwitz and W. W. Schulz. Metal Ion Separation and Preconcentration: Progress and Opportunities, Chapter XX, eds. A. H. Bond, M. L. Dietz, and R. D. Rogers. Cary, N.C.: American Nuclear Society, 1998.

5.  

V. M. Esimantovskiy, B. Ya. Galkin, E. G. Dzekun, L. N. Lazarev, R. I. Lyubtsev, V. N. Romanovskiy, D. N. Sichikin. Proceedings of the Symposium on Waste Management, Tucson, Arizona, March 1–5, 1992, 1(1992):805–808. See also Horwitz and Schulz, 1998, ibid.

6.  

B. F. Myasoedov and M. K. Chmutova. Proceedings of the Third Japan-Russian Joint Symposium on Analytical Chemistry, Nagoya, Japan. November 5–9, 1986.



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