Ozminkowski RJ, Ling D, Goetzel RZ, Bruno JA, Rutter KR, Isaac F, Wang S. 2002. Long-term impact of Johnson & Johnson's Health & Wellness Program on health care utilization and expenditures. J Occup Environ Med.44(1):21-9.
Ozminkowski RJ, Dunn RL, Goetzel RZ, Cantor RI, Murane J, Harrison M. 1999. A return on investment evaluation of the Citibank, N.A., Health Management Program. Am J Health Promot 14(1):31-43.
Pearl J. 2000. Causality: Models, Reasoning and Inference. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Peeters A, Barendregt JJ, Willekens F, Mackenbach JP, Al Mamun A, Bonneux L; NEDCOM, the Netherlands Epidemiology and Demography Compression of Morbidity Research Group. 2003. Obesity in adulthood and its consequences for life expectancy: a life-table analysis. Ann Intern Med. 138(1):24-32.
Robins JM. 1986. A new approach to causal inference in mortality studies with a sustained exposure period: applications to control of the healthy workers survivor effect. Mathematical Modeling. 7: 393-512.
Rockhill B, Weinberg CR, Newman B. 1998. Population attributable fraction estimation for established breast cancer risk factors: considering the issues of high prevalence and unmodifiability. Am J Epidemiol. 147:826-33.
Rommer J. 1993. A pragmatic theory of responsibility for the egalitarian planner. Philosophy and Public Affairs. 22: 146-66.
Russell LB, Valiyeva E, Carson JL. 2004. Effects of prehypertension on admissions and deaths: a simulation. Arch Intern Med. 64(19):2119-24.
Russell LB, Gold MR, Siegel JE, Daniels N, Weinstein MC. 1996. The role of cost-effectiveness analysis in health and medicine. Panel on Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine. JAMA. 276(14):1172-7.
Sargent RP, Shepard RM, Glantz SA. 2004. Reduced incidence of admissions for myocardial infarction associated with public smoking ban: before and after study. BMJ. 328(7446):977-80. Epub 2004 Apr 05.
Scruton, R. (2000) WHO, what and why?: trans-national government, legitimacy and the World Health Organisation. Occasional paper 113. London: Institute of Economic Affairs.
Sesso HD, Paffenbarger RS Jr, Lee IM. 2000. Physical activity and coronary heart disease in men: The Harvard Alumni Health Study. Circulation. 102(9):975-80.
Tengs TO, Lin TH. 2003. A meta-analysis of quality-of-life estimates for stroke. Pharmacoeconomics. 21(3):191-200.
Troiano RP, Frongillo EA Jr, Sobal J, Levitsky DA. 1996. The relationship between body weight and mortality: a quantitative analysis of combined information from existing studies. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 20(1):63-75.
Wee CC, Phillips RS, Legedza AT, Davis RB, Soukup JR, Colditz GA, Hamel MB. 2005. Health Care Expenditures Associated With Overweight and Obesity Among US Adults: Importance of Age and Race. Am J Public Health. 95(1):159-65.
Williams A. 1997. Intergenerational equity: An exploration of the “fair innings” argument. Health Econ. 6:117-132.
Wolf AM, Colditz GA. 1998. Current estimates of the economic cost of obesity in the United States. Obes Res. 6(2):97-106.