workers. The result was mistrust that contributed to the building being closed for 13 years. If New York officials had instituted something similar to this report’s recommendations regarding an analytic deliberative process, many of the problems experienced in Binghamton could have been avoided. Because the Binghamton State Office Building housed state agencies, closing it had few economic consequences; it could remain closed for so long without severe disruption. That would not be true for the contamination of a major American airport, and the need to reopen would be more pressing.
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