Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He earned his M.D. from Cornell University, his M.P.H. from Johns Hopkins University, and his Ph.D. in nutritional biochemistry and metabolism from MIT. Dr. Bistrian is board certified in Internal Medicine and Critical Care Medicine. Dr. Bistrian’s primary research interests include nutritional assessment, metabolic effects of acute infections, nutritional support of hospitalized patients, and the pathophysiology of protein-calorie malnutrition. He is a fellow of the American College of Physicians, and has received an honorary M.A. from Harvard University. Dr. Bistrian is the 2004 recipient of the Goldberger Award of the American Medical Association. Dr. Bistrian has been president of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, President of the American Society of Clinical Nutrition, and is President-Elect of the Federation of American Societies of Experimental Biology. Dr. Bistrian has served on the editorial boards of numerous nutrition and medical journals, and is the author or co-author of over 400 articles in scientific publications.

Priscilla M. Clarkson, Ph.D., is a professor of exercise science and Associate Dean of the School of Public Health and Health Sciences at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. She served as President of the New England Regional American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) Chapter, Vice-president of the National ACSM, President of the National ACSM, and President of the ACSM Foundation. Professor Clarkson has published over 150 scientific articles and has given numerous national and international scientific presentations. The major focus of her research is on how human skeletal muscle responds to environmental challenges such as over-exertion exercise and disuse. She has also published in the area of sport nutrition. Professor Clarkson served as the Editor for the International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism for 8 years, and is the 2005 Editor-in-Chief of Exercise and Sport Science Reviews. Professor Clarkson has served as a scientific advisor to the International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI), as a member of the Science Working Group at NASA to develop laboratories for Space Station, as a scientific advisor to the National Space Biomedical Research Institute, on the Research Review Board of the Gatorade Sports Science Institute, and as a member of the NCAA Competitive and Medical Safeguards Committee.

Johanna T. Dwyer, D.Sc., R.D., is director of the Frances Stern Nutrition Center at New England Medical Center and is a professor in the departments of Medicine and of Community Health at the Tufts Medical School and the School of Nutrition Science and Policy in Boston. She is also a senior scientist at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University. She is currently on part-time assignment to the National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. Dr. Dwyer’s work centers on life-cycle related concerns such as the prevention of diet-related disease in children and adolescents and maximization of quality of life and health in the elderly. Dr. Dwyer is currently

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