E
Acronyms and Abbreviations


AAD

Antibiotic associated diarrhea

ACSM

American College of Sports Medicine

ADA

American Dietetic Association

ADP

Adenosine diphosphate

AI

Adequate Intake

ALB

Alpha-lactalbumin

AMDR

Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range

AMS

Acute mountain sickness

AO

Antioxidants

AR

Army regulation

ARDS

Acute respiratory distress syndrome

ATO

Army Technology Objective

ATP

Adenosine triphosphate

AVP

Arginine vasopressin


BHA

Butylated hydroxyanisole

BHT

Butylated hydroxytoluene

BMI

Body mass index

BMR

Basal metabolic rate

Bpm

Beats per minute


C

Celsius

cal

Calorie

CS

Casein

CCK

Cholecystokinin



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OCR for page 438
Nutrient Composition of Rations for Short-Term, High-Intensity Combat Operations E Acronyms and Abbreviations AAD Antibiotic associated diarrhea ACSM American College of Sports Medicine ADA American Dietetic Association ADP Adenosine diphosphate AI Adequate Intake ALB Alpha-lactalbumin AMDR Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range AMS Acute mountain sickness AO Antioxidants AR Army regulation ARDS Acute respiratory distress syndrome ATO Army Technology Objective ATP Adenosine triphosphate AVP Arginine vasopressin BHA Butylated hydroxyanisole BHT Butylated hydroxytoluene BMI Body mass index BMR Basal metabolic rate Bpm Beats per minute C Celsius cal Calorie CS Casein CCK Cholecystokinin

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Nutrient Composition of Rations for Short-Term, High-Intensity Combat Operations CD4 Cluster of differentiation 4 CDR Cognitive Drug Research (computerized assessment battery) CFD Combat Feeding Directorate CFU Colony-forming units CHD Coronary heart disease CHO Carbohydrate CK Creatine kinase CMNR Committee on Military Nutrition Research CoA Pantothenic acid CoQ10 Coenzyme Q10 CP Carbohydrate poor CR Carbohydrate rich CRF Code of federal regulations CRP Combat ration pack CRH Corticotrophin-releasing hormone CRP C-reactive protein CSFII Continuing Survey of Food Intake for Individuals DBPC Double-bind placebo controlled DBRPC-CO Double-blind randomized placebo-controlled crossover DEXA Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry DFE Dietary folate equivalent DGLA Dihomo-γ-linoleic acid DHEA Dehydroepiandrosterone dL Deciliter DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid DoD Department of Defense DRI Dietary Reference Intake DTH Delayed type skin hypersensitivity EAA Essential amino acid EAR Estimated Average Requirement EEG Electroencephalogram EGOT Erythrocyte glutamate oxaloacetate EGR Erythrocyte glutathione reductase EGRAC Erythrocyte glutathione activity coefficient EIEC Enteroinvasive E. coli EMS Eosinophilia-Myalgia Syndrome EPA Eicosapentaenoid acid ERGO Energy rich, glucose-optimized ESQ Environmental Symptoms Questionnaire ETK Erythrocyte transketolase

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Nutrient Composition of Rations for Short-Term, High-Intensity Combat Operations F Fahrenheit F2-IsoPs Plasma F2-Isoprostanes FAO Food and Agriculture Organization FAD Flavin adenine dinucleotide FDA Food and Drug Administration FFM Fat-free mass FM Field manual fMRI Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging FNB Food and Nutrition Board FOS Fructooligosaccharides FSR First Strike Ration ft Foot g Gram GABA γ-aminobutyric acid GBE Ginkgo biloba extract GGT Glutamyl transpeptidase GH Growth hormone GI Gastrointestinal GLA γ-Linolenic acid GRα Glucocorticoid-receptor alpha GRAS Generally recognized as safe GTT γ-Glutamyl transpeptidase h Hour HEX High exercise HF High fat HMB β-methyl-hydroxy-β-methybutryrate HS High stress IgA Immunoglobulin A IgE Immunoglobulin E IGF-1 Insulin-like growth factor 1 IgM Immunoglobulin M IL Interleukin iNOS Inducible nitric oxide synthase IOM Institute of Medicine IU International units kcal Kilocalorie KCl Potassium chloride kg Kilogram kJ Kilojoules

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Nutrient Composition of Rations for Short-Term, High-Intensity Combat Operations km Kilometer lb Pound LDH Lactic dehydrogenase LDL Low-density lipoprotein LNAA Large neutral amino acid LPS Lipopolysaccharide LS Low stress MCT Medium-chain fatty acid triacylglycerol MCW/LRP Meal, cold weather/food packet, long range patrol mEq Milliequivalent mg Milligram MJ Megajoule mM Millimolar mmol Millimole MDRI Military dietary reference intake MMWT Marine mountain warfare training MND Military Nutrition Division MRDA Military recommended dietary allowances MRE Meal, Ready-to-Eat NA Not applicable NAC N-acetyl-cysteine NaCl Sodium chloride NAD Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide NADP Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate NADPH Reduced Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate NAS National Academy of Sciences ND Not determined NE Niacin equivalent Nex No exercise NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NK Natural killer nmol Nanomol NNIF Novel nutritional immune formulation NO Nitric oxide NSOR Nutritional Standards for Operational Rations NRC National Research Council NSC Natick Soldier Center OBLA Onset of blood lactate accumulation 25 (OH) D 25 hydroxy vitamin D

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Nutrient Composition of Rations for Short-Term, High-Intensity Combat Operations oz Ounce PHA Phytohaemagglutinin PL Phospholipid PLP Pyridoxal-5′-phosphate POMC Pro-opiomelanocortin POMS Profile of Mood States PP Protein poor ppm Parts per million PR Protein rich PUFA Polyunsaturated fatty acid RAE Retinol activity equivalent RBC Red blood cell RC Randomized control RDA Recommended Dietary Allowance rDNA Recombinant DNA RE Retinol equivalent RER Respiratory Exchange Ratio RDECOM Research, Development and Engineering Command RI Respiratory infections ROS Reactive oxygen species RPE Rate of perceived exertion RT Ranger training SFAS Special Forces Selection and Assessment School SOF Special Operations Forces STEC Shiga toxin producing E. coli STO Science and Technology Objective SUSOPS Sustained operations TBARS Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances TBD To be determined TCA Tricarboxylic acid cycle TDEE Total daily energy expenditure TDP Thiamin diphosphate TH1 T helper type 1 cell TH2 T helper type 2 cell TLR Toll-like receptors TNF Tumor necrosis factor TPN Total parenteral nutrition TT Timed trial TTP Thiamin diphosphate

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Nutrient Composition of Rations for Short-Term, High-Intensity Combat Operations µg Microgram µM Micromol UGR-H&S Unit Group Ration, Heat & Serve UL Tolerable Upper Intake Level UNU United Nations University US United States USARIEM U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine USARMRMC U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command UV Ultraviolet UVB light Ultraviolet B light VO2max or peak Maximum oxygen consumption WBGT Wet Bulb Globe Temperature WHO World Health Organization wk Week WP Whey protein WPSM Warfighter Physiological Status Monitoring