basal metabolic rate

The rate at which energy is used by the body to maintain basal metabolism when a person is awake but inactive and has fasted for 14 to 18 hours. It typically accounts for 60 to 70 percent of daily energy use, but its value depends on body weight and other factors.


Dietary Reference Intake

Quantitative estimates of nutrient intakes that can be used for planning and assessing diets for apparently healthy people.

Delayed Type Skin Hypersensitivity

Test used as an indicator of the immune system function and that shows skin tissue injury due to phagocytic cell activation and inflammation induced by cell-mediated immunity. In experimental animal models, the injury is characterized by a granulomatous response consisting of macrophages, monocytes, and T lymphocytes.


Estimated Average Requirement

The average daily nutrient intake level estimated to meet the requirement of half the healthy individuals in a particular life stage and gender group (IOM, 2004)


Generally Recognized As Safe

Status of a food ingredient based on common knowledge about the safety of the ingredient through the scientific community that is knowledgeable in food toxicology and related disciplines specific to the safety and intended use of the ingredient under consideration.


Military Dietary Reference Intake

Nutritional standards, based on the Food and Nutrition Board’s Dietary Reference Intakes, and intended for use by professional personnel involved in menu development, menu evaluation, nutrition education, nutrition research, and food research and development.


Niacin Equivalent

Because 60 mg of the amino acid tryptophan is equivalent to 1 mg of preformed dietary niacin, niacin equivalents are estimated by adding preformed niacin intake plus one-sixtieth of tryptophan intake.


Profile of Mood States

A 65-item, adjective rating subjective scale that measures moods and was used in the National Hospice Study and The Study to Understand Prognoses and Preferences for Outcomes, and Risks of Treatments.



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