4

 

BENEFITS FROM IMPROVED EARTHQUAKE HAZARD ASSESSMENT AND FORECASTING

 

77

   

 Monitoring for Hazard Assessment,

 

78

   

 Monitoring for Ground Motion Prediction Models,

 

83

   

 Seismic Zonation for Reducing Uncertainty,

 

88

   

 Monitoring for Earthquake Forecasting, Alerts, and Prediction,

 

94

5

 

BENEFITS FROM IMPROVED LOSS ESTIMATION MODELS

 

105

   

 Uses of Loss Estimation Models,

 

106

   

 Uncertainty in Loss Estimation Models,

 

108

   

 Monitoring for Improved Loss Estimation Models,

 

109

6

 

BENEFITS FROM PERFORMANCE-BASED ENGINEERING

 

116

   

 Seismic Monitoring and the Development of Earthquake Engineering,

 

117

   

 Improvements in Seismic Monitoring Needed to Support Performance-Based Engineering,

 

120

   

 Calculation of Benefits Provided by Performance-Based Engineering,

 

124

   

 Summary,

 

131

7

 

BENEFITS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND RECOVERY

 

132

   

 Monitoring for Response Readiness,

 

133

   

 Real-Time Information for Emergency Response Operations,

 

134

   

 Monitoring for Earthquake Recovery,

 

137

   

 Recent Response Experiences,

 

139

   

 Summary,

 

142

8

 

INTEGRATING THE BENEFITS—CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

 

144

   

 Summary of Benefit Components,

 

146

   

 Benefit Integration,

 

151

   

 Recommendations,

 

153

 

 

REFERENCES

 

159

 

 

APPENDIXES

 

 

   

A  Excerpts from Bernknopf et al. (1993), “Societal Value of Geologic Maps”

 

169

   

B  Committee and Staff Biographies

 

179

   

C  Acronyms and Abbreviations

 

182



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