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APPENDIX A BIOGRAPHIES OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS WILLIAM M. BENKERT spent more than three decades in the U.S. Coast Guard, retiring in 1978 with the rank of rear admiral. His career con- sisted almost entirely of extensive sea and marine safety duties. As a flag officer, he directed the office of Marine Environment and Systems and the Office of Merchant Marine Safety. From 1978-1984, RADM Benkert was president of the American Institute of Merchant Shipping, a trade organiza- tion of U.S.-flag tanker operators. From 1984-1985, he was president of Petroferm Marine, Inc., a company which sought to develop new products for marine applications. RADM Benkert has served on the Marine Board of the National Research Council for 6 years. SAMI ATALLAH is president of Risk and Industrial Safety Consultants, Inc., a firm that conducts R&D and provides technical consulting services in areas relating to fire and explosion technology, chemical process safe- ty, risk analysis, and the market potential for fire and safety-related equipment and products. Previously, he had served as director of the Envi- ronment, Safety, and Distribution Research Department at the Gas Research Institute, manager of the Fire Technology Unit at Arthur D. Little, Inc., senior research engineer at Factory Mutual Research Corporation, and pro- fessor of chemical engineering at Tufts University. Mr. Atallah holds B.S. and M.S. degrees in chemical engineering from Lehigh University and the degree of Chem.E. from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers and a member of the Combustion Institute, Society of Fire Protection Engineers, Society of Risk Analysis, National Fire Protection Association, American Society of Safety Engineers, and the American Gas Association. He is a registered professional engineer in Massachusetts. ALLEN ELI BELL has held increasingly responsible legal and management positions with the Texas Air Control Board (TACB) since graduating from the University of Texas Law School in 1972. In March 1986, he was ap- pointed executive director. Mr. Bell holds a B.B.A. from North Texas State University in addition to his law degree. He is a member of the Texas Bar as well as the National Air Pollution Control Association. 149

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150 ROBERT M. FREEMAN is the engineering manager of Exxon Shipping Co., the U.S. marine transportation operating division of Exxon Corp. In his current job, Mr. Freeman is responsible for Exxon's shipbuilding, con- version, and engineering/technical programs. In previous positions with Exxon, he has been responsible for air quality issues concerning vessel operation and has also served as an engineering project manager responsi- ble for ship conversion and other engineering projects. His design concept for a vapor balance system resulted in the first full-time hydro- carbon vapor control system for loading marine vessels. Mr. Freeman served in the Navy for 10 years prior to joining Exxon in 1975. He holds a B.S. degree in mechanical engineering and an M.B.A. degree from the University of Pittsburgh. ROBERT J. KLETT manages Chevron Corporation's Engineering Technology Department, Environmental Engineering Division. He is responsible for the process development, process design, and startup of refinery process plants, as well as environmental process design and project-permitting activities for refinery, chemical, and synthetic fuel projects. His career of increasingly responsible engineering and research positions at Chevron has encompassed both engineering and environmental responsibili- ties. His environmental activities have included the process design and trouble-shooting of plants to meet both air and water emission require- ments. He has also determined cost-effective environmental compliance strategies and worked with specific projects to obtain necessary environ- mental permits. His engineering activities have encompassed evaluating and designing facilities to be located both on ship and on shore to pro- cess hydrocarbon gas streams. He has analyzed the cause of oxygen buildup to potentially hazardous levels in the vapor space of ships during product transport. Dr. Klett has B.Ch.E., M.S. (chemical engineering), and Ph.D. degrees from the Georgia Institute of Technology. He is a member of the American Chemical Society and the American Institute of Chemical Engi- neers, and is a registered professional engineer in California. HENRY S. MARCUS has been at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) since 1971 and currently holds the positions of associate professor of marine systems in the Ocean Engineering Department and chairman, Ocean Systems Management Program. He has also served as a transportation consul- tant to maritime industries and government. Dr. Marcus holds a B.S. degree in naval architecture from Webb Institute, two M.S. degrees from MIT (one in naval architecture and the other in shipping and shipbuilding management), and a D.B.A. degree from Harvard University. Dr. Marcus's research interests include how waste disposal and other externally imposed operating requirements are accommodated by marine transportation systems. Dr. Marcus was a member of the National Research Council's Committee on Maritime Innovation and also the Maritime Transportation Research Board in the late 1970s; more recently he has served as a member of the Marine Board's Committee on Productivity of Marine Terminals.

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151 ARTHUR McKENZIE has over 50 years of experience in the tanker indus- try, 11 of them serving on tankers as a seaman and deck officer. He attained the rank of chief mate. He worked for 29 years ashore for Exxon, all of that time involved directly or indirectly with the operation of oil tankers. During his last 8 years with Exxon, he served as senior marine adviser. After 40 years with Exxon, Mr. McKenzie retired and established the Tanker Advisory Center, Inc. For over 25 years, Mr. McKenzie has taught a widely acclaimed 30-hour course entitled, "Petroleum Tankship Operations." McKenzie served as a member of the group that prepared the report Materials Aspects of Inert Gas Systems for Cargo Tank Atmosphere Control for the National Materials Advisory Board of the National Research Council. He has also served on the U.S. Coast Guard's Rules of the Road Advisory Committee. He publishes an annual reference book, Guide for the Selection of Tankers. CONSTANTINO J. SANTAVICCA is vice-president, engineering, of Ohio River Co., the largest operator of barges on the U.S. inland waterways. He has been associated with Ohio River Co. for more than 20 years and has served in increasingly responsible maintenance and engineering positions. He is currently respons ible for the development, implementation, and moni- toring of maintenance/repair programs and the design, construction, and capital budget functions for the company's floating and shoreside facili- ties. Mr. Santavicca holds a B.S. degree in marine and electrical engi- neering from the Massachusetts Maritime Academy, and an M.B.A. degree from Xavier University. He is a member of the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and is a U.S. Coast Guard-licensed marine engineer. RICHARD SCHWING is a principal research engineer in the Operating Sciences Department of the General Motors Research Laboratories. He is responsible for methods development for a range of multidisciplinary research programs involving environmental impact, technological forecast- ing, and social change. He is editor, with W. A. Albers, Jr., of Societal Risk Assessment: How Safe Is Safe Enough? and author of several epidemiology, benefit/cost, cost effectiveness, and risk analysis papers. Dr. Schwing has served the International Association for Impact Assessment as president. In addition, he has served the Resources for the Future Environmental Protection Agency Benefits Research Advisory Group, the National Association of Manufacturers' Risk Analysis Task Force, the National Commission on Air Quality Benefits Panel and organized a Society of Automotive Engineers' Benefit/Cost Panel on Vehicle Emissions and a Society of Automotive Engineers' Risk Analysis Panel. In 1983, he was awarded the John M. Campbell Award by General Motors for his contributions to science. He is a member of the American Chemical Society, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Sigma Xi, and the Society for Risk Analysis. His three degrees, all in chemical engineering, are from the University of Michigan, where he specialized in thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, and nuclear engineering.