C
Description and Analysis of Questionnaires

To better inform its deliberations, the Committee on Smaller Facilities (COSF) determined that a pair of questionnaires should be distributed broadly to the community. One questionnaire solicited feedback from facility managers, the other from facility users. Because of biases introduced by the self-selected population that responded to the questionnaire, the committee does not believe that these results are statistically significant; rather, they are intended to give a flavor of the population. The questionnaires are reproduced in this appendix.



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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research C Description and Analysis of Questionnaires To better inform its deliberations, the Committee on Smaller Facilities (COSF) determined that a pair of questionnaires should be distributed broadly to the community. One questionnaire solicited feedback from facility managers, the other from facility users. Because of biases introduced by the self-selected population that responded to the questionnaire, the committee does not believe that these results are statistically significant; rather, they are intended to give a flavor of the population. The questionnaires are reproduced in this appendix.

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research FIGURE C.1 Sites in the continental United States targeted for dissemination of the committee’s facilities’ and users’ questionnaire. DISTRIBUTION The questionnaires were distributed to the community (see Figure C.1) by a variety of techniques: Direct e-mail to facilities identified by committee members and staff, as indicated below in the list of 275 facilities; Electronic posting on the committee’s public Web site; Paper distribution at the American Physical Society’s March 2004 meeting in Montreal, Canada, and the Materials Research Society’s April 2004 meeting in San Francisco, California; and E-mail solicitation to subscribed members of the American Physical Society’s Division of Materials Physics and Division of Condensed Matter Physics. Following is the list of facilities specifically targeted to receive the facilities’ and users’ questionnaires by direct e-mail solicitation.

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research Active Materials Laboratory, University of California at Los Angeles Advanced Analysis Facility, University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee Advanced Coatings and Surface Engineering Laboratory, Colorado School of Mines Advanced Materials Characterization Laboratory, State University of New York at Stony Brook Advanced Materials Processing and Analysis Center, University of Central Florida Advanced Materials Research Center, University of Florida Alabama Microelectronics Science and Technology Center, Auburn University Ames Laboratory, Iowa State University Analytic Instrumentation Facility, North Carolina State University Atomic Resolution Electron Microscopy Center, North Carolina State University Australian Key Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, University of Sydney Basic Plasma Science Facility, University of California at Los Angeles Biofilm Research Center, Stanford University Biological and Biomaterials Preparation, Imaging, and Characterization Laboratory, University of Wisconsin at Madison Biological Imaging Resource Center, California Institute of Technology Biological Science Division Core Facilities, University of Chicago Biology Imaging Center, University of California at San Diego Biomolecular Research Facility, University of Virginia Health System Butler Polymer Laboratory, University of Florida California Nanosystems Institute, University of California at Los Angeles Campus Chemical Instrumentation Center, Ohio State University Campus Microscopy and Imaging Facility, Ohio State University Carnegie Mellon Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, Carnegie Mellon University Center for Accelerated Maturation of Materials, Ohio State University Center for Adaptive Optics, University of California at Santa Cruz Center for Advanced Electron Microscopy, Brookhaven National Laboratory Center for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology, Lehigh University Center for Advanced Materials and Smart Structures, North Carolina State University Center for Advanced Materials Immiscible Polymer Processing, Rutgers University Center for Advanced Materials Processing, Clarkson University

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research Center for Advanced Materials Research, Brown University Center for Advanced Polymer and Composite Engineering, Ohio State University Center for Advanced Thin Film Technology, State University of New York at Albany Center for Applied Isotope Studies, University of Georgia Center for Biological and Environmental Nanotechnology, Rice University Center for Biologically Inspired Materials and Materials Systems, Duke University Center for Biologically Inspired Nanocomposite Materials, University of California at Santa Barbara Center for Composite Materials, University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee Center for Composite Materials, University of Delaware Center for Composite Materials, University of Southern California Center for Computational Chemistry, University of Georgia Center for Computational Materials Science, Georgia Institute of Technology Center for Electrochemical Science and Engineering, University of Virginia Center for Electron Microscope and Microanalysis, University of Southern California Center for Electronic Materials, Devices and Systems, Texas A&M University Center for Electronic Materials and Devices, San Jose State University Center for Excellence in Nanoelectronics, State University of New York at Albany Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National Laboratory Center for High Resolution Electron Microscopy, Arizona State University Center for High Technology Materials, University of New Mexico Center for High-Resolution Neutron Scatter, National Institute of Standards and Technology Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies, Sandia National Laboratories Center for Interface and Materials Science, University of California at San Diego Center for Magnetic Recording Research, University of California at San Diego Center for Materials Chemistry, University of Houston Center for Materials for Information Technology, University of Alabama Center for Materials Processing, University of Tennessee at Knoxville Center for Materials Research, Ohio State University

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research Center for Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Center for Materials Simulation, University of Connecticut Center for Micro Analysis and Reaction Chemistry, University of Utah Center for Micro and Nano Processing, Case Western Reserve University Center for Microelectronic Materials and Structures, Yale University Center for Micro-engineered Materials, University of New Mexico Center for Micromagnetics and Information Storage Technologies, University of Minnesota Center for Molecular and Atomic Studies at Surfaces, Vanderbilt University Center for Nanophase Materials Science, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne National Laboratory Center for Nanoscale Science, Pennsylvania State University Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology, Rice University Center for Nanoscience and Technology, University of Notre Dame Center for Nanoscopic Materials Design, University of Virginia Center for Nanostructured Materials, Columbia University Center for Nanotechnology, University of Wisconsin at Madison Center for NMR Spectroscopy, Washington State University Center for Polymer Science and Engineering, Lehigh University Center for Polymer Studies, Boston University Center for Research at the Bio/Nano Interface, University of Florida Center for Response-Driven Polymeric Films, University of Southern Mississippi Center for Self-Assembled Nanostructures and Devices, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Center for Semiconductor Physics in Nanostructures, University of Arkansas and University of Oklahoma Center for Sensor Materials, Michigan State University Center for Solid State Electronics Research, Arizona State University Center for Structural Biology, Vanderbilt University Center for Surface Analysis of Materials, Case Western Reserve University Center for the Science and Engineering of Materials, California Institute of Technology Center for Thermal Spray Research, State University of New York at Stony Brook Center for Ultrafast Optical Science, University of Michigan Center of Excellence in Polymer Science and Engineering, Illinois Institute of Technology Center on Hierarchical Structures, Case Western Reserve University

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research Center on Polymeric Interfaces and Macromolecular Assemblies, Stanford University Central Analytical Facility, University of Alabama Ceramic Materials Laboratory, Princeton University Certificate Program in Microscopy, San Joaquin Delta College Chemistry Magnetic Resonance Facility; X-ray Crystallography Facility, University of California at San Diego Chicago Materials Research Center, University of Chicago Colorado Advanced Materials Institute, Colorado School of Mines Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia Composite Materials and Structures Center, Michigan State University Composites Education and Research Center, Georgia Institute of Technology Compound Semiconductor Device Laboratory, Simon Fraser University Compound Semiconductor Laboratory, University of Southern California Computing Recharge Facility, University of California at San Diego Cornell Center for Materials Research, Cornell University Cornell High-Energy Synchrotron Source, Cornell University Data Storage Systems Center, Carnegie Mellon University Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Minnesota Department of Chemistry, State University of New York at Binghamton Department of Chemistry, Syracuse University Department of Chemistry, University of Rochester Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Lehigh University Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Pittsburgh Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California at San Diego E-Beam Facility, University of California at San Diego Electron Microprobe Laboratory, Yale University Electron Microscope and X-Ray Diffraction Facilities, Michigan State University Electron Microscope Facility, University of California at San Diego Electron Microscope Unit, University of New South Wales Electron Microscopy and Microanalysis, University of Oxford Electron Microscopy Center, University of South Carolina Electron Microscopy Center, Washington State University Electron Microscopy Center; Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Georgia Institute of Technology Electron Microscopy Facility, University of Texas at Austin

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) Laboratory, University of California at Los Angeles Microelectronics and Nanotechnology Research Laboratory, Purdue University Microelectronics Fabrication Laboratory, Carleton University Microelectronics Research Center, Georgia Institute of Technology Microelectronics Research Center, Iowa State University Microelectronics Research Center, New Jersey Institute of Technology Microelectronics Research Center, University of Texas at Austin Microfabrication Facility, University of California at Davis Microfabrication Facility, University of Pennsylvania Microfabrication Laboratory, Case Western Reserve University Microfabritech, University of Florida Micromachine and Nanofabrication Facility, University of Alberta Micromanufacturing Laboratory, University of California at Los Angeles Microscopy and Imaging Resource, University of Wisconsin at Madison Microscopy Resource, University of Wisconsin at Madison Microstructure Laboratory, University of Wuerzburg Microsystems Laboratory, University of California at Los Angeles Microtechnology Laboratory, University of Louisville Microtechnology-Based Energy, Chemical and Biological Systems, Oregon State University Microwave Processing Laboratory for Advanced Materials, University of Maryland at College Park Molecular Biosensor and Imaging Center, Carnegie Mellon University Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Molecular Materials Research Center, California Institute of Technology Molecular Resource Center, University of Tennessee at Knoxville Nanoelectronics Laboratory, University of Cincinnati Nanoelectronics Research Facility, University of California at Los Angeles Nanofab, University of Texas at Arlington Nanofabrication Facility, Carnegie Mellon University Nanoscale Solid and Molecular Structures Laboratory, Colorado School of Mines Nanoscience and Technology Center, University of Central Florida Nanostructures Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Nanostructures Laboratory, Princeton University Nanotech, University of California at Santa Barbara

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research NanoTech Institute, University of Texas at Dallas National Center for Microgravity Research, Case Western Reserve University National Center for Microscopy and Imaging Research, University of California at San Diego National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Florida State University National Magnetic Resonance Facility, University of Wisconsin at Madison National Nanofabrication User Network (NNUN), Howard University National Nanofabrication User Network (NNUN), Pennsylvania State University National Resource for Automated Molecular Microscopy, Scripps Research Institute New Jersey Center for Biomaterials, Rutgers University, New Jersey Institute of Technology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey New Jersey Institute of Technology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey New York Structural Biology Center, Consortium of New York Universities North Carolina Center for Nanoscale Materials, University of North Carolina Northwestern University Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, Northwestern University NSF Center for Low-Cost, High-Speed Polymer Composites, Michigan State University NSF Center for Molecular and Microstructure of Composites, Case Western Reserve University Nuclear Radiation Center, Washington State University Optical Analysis Facility, University of Alabama Optoelectronics Technology Center, University of California at Santa Barbara Particle Beam Physics Laboratory, University of California at Los Angeles Pittsburgh NMR Center for Biomedical Research, Carnegie Mellon University Plasma Applications Laboratory, University of Texas at Dallas Princeton Center for Complex Materials, Princeton University Quantitative Microscopy Laboratory, University of California at San Diego Radiation Center, Oregon State University Resource Center for Advanced Characterization and Metrology, State University of New York at Albany Resource for Biomedical and Bio-organic Mass Spectrometry, Washington University

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research Resource for the Visualization of Biological Complexity, N.Y. State Department of Health; Wadsworth Center Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope, Brookhaven National Laboratory School of Engineering, Alfred University Sealy Center for Structural Biology, University of Texas at Galveston Shared Materials Instrumentation Facility, Duke University Shared Research Equipment User Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Silicon Wafer Engineering and Defect Science Center, North Carolina State University Silvio O Conte National Center for Polymer Research, University of Massachusetts at Amherst Solid State Electronics Laboratory, University of Michigan Southwestern Biomedical Magnetic Resonance Facility, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Supercomputing Institute, University of Minnesota Surface Analysis Facility, University of Notre Dame Surface Analysis Facility, University of Texas at Austin Surface Analysis Laboratory, University of Alabama Surface Science Center, University of Virginia Synchrotron Radiation Center, University of Wisconsin at Madison Texas Center for Superconductivity and Advanced Materials, University of Houston The Photonics Center, Boston University Thermal Analysis Center, University of Minnesota Thermal Processing Technology Center, Illinois Institute of Technology Three-Dimensional Electron Microscopy of Cells, University of Colorado Three-Dimensional Electron Microscopy of Macromolecules, Baylor Medical College University of Maryland Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, University of Maryland at College Park University of Massachusetts Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, University of Massachusetts at Amherst University of Minnesota Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, University of Minnesota University of Nebraska Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, University of Nebraska at Lincoln University of Wisconsin Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin at Madison USC Nanocenter, University of South Carolina

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research Vanderbilt Institute for Nanoscale Science and Engineering, Vanderbilt University W.M. Keck Center for Microelectronics, Syracuse University W.M. Keck Laboratory for Biological Imaging, University of Wisconsin at Madison X-Ray Crystallography Center, Caltech X-Ray Physics Facility, Columbia University RESPONSES Responses to the facility users’ and facility managers’ questionnaires were received by e-mail, postal mail, and fax and were entered into a small database for organization and primitive analysis. The following 10 facility users and 65 facility managers responded to the committee’s questionnaires: Campus Microscopy and Imaging Facility, Ohio State University Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Center for Advanced Imaging and Micromanipulation, University of Pennsylvania, Laboratory for Research on the Structure of Matter Center for Advanced Materials Research, Central Electron Microscope Facility, Brown University Center for Advanced Materials Research, Central Microelectronics Facility, Brown University Center for Advanced Microgravity Materials Processing, Northeastern University Center for Composite Materials, University of Delaware Center for Imaging and Mesoscale Structures, Harvard University Center for Materials Research and Analysis, Central Facility for Crystallography, University of Nebraska at Lincoln Center for Materials Research and Analysis, Central Facility for Electron Microscopy, University of Nebraska at Lincoln Center for Materials Research and Analysis, Central Facility for Materials Preparation, University of Nebraska at Lincoln Center for Materials Research and Analysis, Central Facility for Metallurgical and Mechanical Characterization, University of Nebraska at Lincoln Center for Materials Research and Analysis, Central Facility for X-Ray Materials Characterization, University of Nebraska at Lincoln Center for Materials Research and Analysis, Scanning Probe Microscopy, University of Nebraska at Lincoln

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research Center for Materials Science and Engineering Shared Experimental Facilities, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Center for Microanalysis of Materials, Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Center for Nanoscale Systems, Cornell University Center for Response-Driven Polymeric Films, University of Southern Mississippi Center for Solid State Electronics Research, Arizona State University Center for Thermal Spray Research, State University of New York at Stony Brook Chicago Materials Research Center, University of Chicago Colorado Advanced Materials Institute, Colorado School of Mines Columbia Materials Research Science and Engineering Center Shared Instrument Facility, Columbia University Composite Materials and Structures Center, Michigan State University Cornell Center for Materials Research Shared Experimental Facilities, Cornell University Cornell High-Energy Synchrotron Source, Cornell University Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of California at Irvine Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University Department of Materials Science, Washington State University Department of Materials Science and Engineering, State University of New York at Stony Brook Department of Physics, Colgate University Department of Physics, University of Delaware Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University Electron Microscope Unit, University of New South Wales, Australia Electron Microscopy Center, Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Materials Research Center, Shared X-Ray Diffraction Facility, University of Colorado at Boulder High Temperature Materials Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Institute of Technology Characterization Facility, University of Minnesota Intense Pulsed Neutron Source, Argonne National Laboratory Interfacial and Nanoscale Science Facility, Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory J.B. Cohen X-ray Diffraction Facility, Northwestern University J. Earle and Mary Roberts Materials Characterization Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research Johns Hopkins Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, Johns Hopkins University Keck Microfabrication Facility, Michigan State University Lizzadro Magnetic Resonance Research Center, University of Notre Dame Major Analytic Instrumentation Center, University of Florida Materials Characterization Facility, University of Central Florida Materials Characterization Laboratory of the Materials Research Institute, Pennsylvania State University Microfabrication Laboratory, University of California at Berkeley Microfabrication Laboratory, University of Pennsylvania, School of Electrical Engineering Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, University of Maryland at College Park Nanoscale Surface Characterization Facility, Washington State University Nanostructures Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Nanotechnology User Facility at the Center for Nanotechnology, University of Washington at Seattle National Center for Electron Microscopy, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory National ESCA and Surface Analysis Center for Biomedical Problems, University of Washington at Seattle National High Magnetic Field Facility, Florida State University, Los Alamos National Laboratory, University of Florida National Magnetic Resonance Facility, University of Wisconsin at Madison New York Structural Biology Center, Consortium of New York Universities NIST Center for High Resolution Neutron Scattering, National Institute of Standards and Technology Northwestern University Atomic and Nanoscale Characterization Experimental Center, Northwestern University Optical Analysis Facility, University of Alabama Oregon State University Radiation Center, Oregon State University Pennsylvania Regional Nanotechnology Facility, Laboratory for Research on the Structure of Materials, University of Pennsylvania Princeton Center for Complex Materials Shared Experimental Facilities Imaging and Analysis Center, Princeton University Quantum Design Physical Property Measurement System, University of Pennsylvania Rensselaer Nanotechnology Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope User Facility, Brookhaven National Laboratory

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research Shared Equipment Authority, Rice University Shared Experimental Facilities of the University of Massachusetts Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, University of Massachusetts at Amherst Shared Materials Instrumentation Facility, Duke University Shared Research Equipment User Center (SHaRE), Oak Ridge National Laboratory Stanford Nanofabrication Facility, Stanford University Texas Materials Institute, University of Texas at Austin University of Wisconsin Materials Science Center, University of Wisconsin at Madison ANALYSIS Quantitative analysis of the responses to the facility managers’ questionnaire is inappropriate, of course, because of sample bias and size, but several figures (Figures C.2 through C.6) are presented here to provide information, based on responses to the facilities questionnaire, regarding sources of support for and distribution of annual operating budgets, numbers of users and makeup of the user base, and full-time-equivalent staff supporting midsize facilities.

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research FIGURE C.2 Comparison of sources of support for individual facilities’ annual operating budgets. The dominant sources of support are from federal research programs (35 percent) and user fees (35 percent), followed by contributions from the host institutions (27 percent). Data based on responses to the committee’s survey.

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research FIGURE C.3 Distribution of midsize facility annual operating budgets. Data based on responses to the committee’s survey. FIGURE C.4 Spectrum of reported number of distinct annual users for midsize facilities. The reporting facilities were used by a total of more than 9,800 persons, with an average of 180 annual users (median 100). Data based on responses to the committee’s survey.

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research FIGURE C.5 Distribution of the number of full-time-equivalent (FTE) staff supporting midsize facilities. Each bar represents the number of facilities that have the indicated number of FTE staff or fewer; for instance, the leftmost bar indicates that about 15 facilities have one staff member or fewer. Data based on responses to the committee’s survey.

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Midsize Facilities: The Infrastructure for Materials Research FIGURE C.6 Makeup of the user base for midsize facilities. On average, 77 percent of users are from within the same institution, an additional 10 percent are from the immediate local area, and 5 percent are regionally based (within 1 day’s travel). Finally, about 8 percent of midsize facility users have traveled from another region of the United States to use the facility.