TABLE 8-2 Main Characteristics of Principal Studies of Nuclear Industry Workers

Study Population

References

Dates of Exposure

Dates of Follow-up

No. of Subjects

Person-Years

Average Radiation Dose (Sv)

Collective Dose (Sv)

Comments

United States

Hanford Site

Gilbert and others (1993b)

1944–1978

1944–1986

32,643a

 

0.026

854

Workers employed 6 months or more

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Richardson and Wing (1999b)

1943–1985

1943–1990

14,095

425,486

NA

 

Cohort includes white males

Oak Ridge (X-10, Y-12)

Frome and others (1997)

1943–1985

1943–1984

28,347

603,365

NA

 

Rocky Flats

Gilbert and others (1993a)

1951–1979

1952–1983

5,952

81,237b

0.041

241

White males

Los Alamos

Wiggs and others (1994)

1943–1977

1943–1990

15,727

456,637

NA

 

White males

Mound Facility

Wiggs and others (1991b)

1947–1979

1947–1979

3,229

54,151

0.030

1625

Monitored white males

Savannah River Site

Cragle and others (1994)

1943–1986

1952–1986

9,860

NA

0.041

 

Rocketdyne/AI

Ritz and others (1999a;1999b)

1950–1993

1950–1994

4,563

118,749

0.012

Portsmouth Naval Shipyard

Rinsky and others (1981)

1952–1977

1952–1977

7615c

98,223

0.028

212

White males

United Kingdom

Sellafield

Douglas and others (1994)

1947–1975

1947–1988

(1971–86—incidence)

10,276d

370,329e

0.128

1317

Mortality and morbidity study

 

Omar and others (1999)

1947–1975

1947–1992

(1971–86—incidence)

10,382f

415,431

0.130

1352

All workers—mortality and morbidity study

AEA

Fraser and others (1993)

1946–1979

1946–1986

39,718

873,796

0.022

 

Mortality and morbidity study

AWE

Beral and others (1988)

1951–1982

1951–1982

22,552

419,467

0.003

 

Springfields

McGeoghegan and Binks (2000a)

1946–1995

1946–1995

13,960

479,146g

0.020–0.023

Capenhurst

McGeoghegan and Binks (2000b)

1946–1995

1946–1995

3,244

334,473g

0.010

32

 

Canada

AECL

Gribbin and others (1993)

1956–1980

1956–1985

8,977

157,101

0.015

 

Males

France

Electricité de France (EDF)

Rogel and others (2005)

1961–1994

1961–1994

22,395

 

5.5 (median)

402

EDF

Combined Cohorts

Canadian NDR

Ashmore and others (1998)

1951–1983

1951–1983

206,620

2,861,093

0.063

 

 

Canadian nuclear workers

Zablotska and others (2004)

1957–1994

1957–1994

45,468

607,979

13.5

 

Canadian nuclear workers



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