TABLE 9-1A Populations Living Around Nuclear Facilities—Ecologic Studies

Reference

Incidence/Mortality

Population Studied

Type of Exposure

Dates of Accrual

Type of Dosimetry

Outcomes Studied

Number of Cases

Summary of Results

Hatch and Susser (1990)

Incidence and mortality

Residents (ages 0–24) within 10 miles of Three Mile Island

Background gamma

1975–1985

Outdoor measurements taken in 1976

All cancer; leukemia

49 (0–14)

104 (0–24)

Increased risk for highest vs. lowest quartile; childhood cancer and leukemia

Hatch and others (1990)

Incidence

Residents within 10 miles of Three Mile Island

Xenon and iodine

1975–1985

Dispersion modeling, based on monitoring data

All cancer; childhood cancer (ages 0–14, 0–24); leukemia (ages 0–14, 0–24, 25); and all lymphoma

5493 total

No evidence of an effect on cancer incidence

Jablon and others (1991)

Mortality

Residents of 107 counties in U.S. with or near nuclear installations

Unspecified

1950–1984

County with a nuclear facility that began operation before 1982, or an adjacent county if at least 20% of the county was within a 16 km radius

15 cancer sites; benign and unspecified neoplasms

900,000 deaths in 107 counties

No evidence of excess mortality in study counties

Sofer and others (1991)

Incidence

Children and young adults living near nuclear plant in Israel

Unspecified

1960–1985

Distance from Negev nuclear plant

Leukemia

192

No overall increase; some increase with time among 0–9 in Western Negev; increase in girls 0–4 from 1970 to 1979

Michaelis and others (1992)

Incidence

Children living near nuclear installations in Germany

Unspecified

1980–1990

Distance from nuclear facility

Childhood cancer; acute leukemia

81 within 5 km

No increase for all cancer, acute leukemia; suggested increases in subgroups of early ages or close proximity

McLaughlin and others (1993b)

Incidence and mortality

Children born to mothers residing near nuclear installations in Ontario, Canada

Unspecified

1950–1987

Distance from nuclear facility

Leukemia in children

Range by facility: 2–72

Suggestion of some excess over expected for some analyses; none significant

Bithell and others (1994)

Incidence

Children in England and Wales

Unspecified

1966–1987

Distance from nuclear facilities based on ward

Leukemia and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL)

Range for 25 km zones: 7–570

Linear risk score significantly elevated in Sellafield and Burghfield

Black and others (1994a)

Incidence

Residents of Dalgety Bay, Scotland

Particles of radium-226

1975–1990

Routine monitoring measurements

All cancer; 18 specific sites

211 (total)

No evidence of increase over expected

Black and others (1994a)

Incidence

Children and young adults in Dounreay, Scotland

Contamination from nuclear reprocessing plant

1968–1991

Distance from Dounreay

Leukemia and NHL

12 in nearest zone

Evidence of increase over expected in nearest zone



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