Watson, G.E., D.A. Pocock, D. Papworth, S.A. Lorimore, and E.G. Wright. 2001. In vivo chromosomal instability and transmissible aberrations in the progeny of haemopoietic stem cells induced by high- and low-LET radiations. Int J Radiat Biol 77:409-417.

Weil, M.M., C. Xia, X. Xia, X. Gu, C.I. Amos, and K.A. Mason. 2001. A chromosome 15 quantitative trait locus controls levels of radiation-induced jejunal crypt cell apoptosis in mice. Genomics 72:73-77.

Weinberg, H.S., A.B. Korol, V.M. Kirzhner, T. Fahima, E. Nevo, S. Shapiro, G. Rennert, O. Piatak, E.I. Stepanova, and E. Skvarskaja. 2001. Very high mutation rate in offspring of Chernobyl accident liquidators. Proc R Soc Lond 268:1001-1005.

Weinberg, R.A. 1994. Oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. CA-Cancer J Clin 44:160-170.

Weiss, H.A., S.C. Darby, and R. Doll. 1994. Cancer mortality following x-ray treatment for ankylosing spondylitis. Int J Cancer 59:327-338.

Weiss, H.A., S.C. Darby, T. Fearn, and R. Doll. 1995. Leukemia mortality after x-ray treatment for ankylosing spondylitis. Radiat Res 142:1-11.

White, E., and C. Prives. 1999. DNA damage enables p73. Nature 399:734-735, 737.

White, E., S.K. Chiou, L. Rao, P. Sabbatini, and H.J. Lin. 1994. Control of p53-dependent apoptosis by E1B, Bcl-2, and Ha-ras proteins. Cold Spring Harb Symp 59:395-402.

Whitehouse, C.A., and E.J. Tawn. 2001. No evidence for chromosomal instability in radiation workers with in vivo exposure to plutonium. Radiat Res 156:467-475.

Whitehouse, C.J., R.M. Taylor, A. Thistlethwaite, H. Zhang, F. Karimi-Busheri, D.D. Lasko, M. Weinfeld, and K.W. Caldecott. 2001. XRCC1 stimulates human polynucleotide kinase activity at damaged DNA termini and accelerates DNA single-strand break repair. Cell 104:107-117.

Whittemore, A. S. 1978. Quantitative theories of oncogenesis. Adv Cancer Res, v. 27: 55-88.

WHO (World Health Organization). 1998. The public health impact of nuclear weapons testing in Kazakhstan. World Health Organization Report.

Wiggs, L.D., C.A. Cox-DeVore, and G.L. Voelz. 1991a. Mortality among a cohort of workers monitored for 210Po exposure: 1944-1972. Health Phys 61:71-76.

Wiggs, L.D., C.A. Cox-DeVore, G.S. Wilkinson, and M. Reyes. 1991b. Mortality among workers exposed to external ionizing radiation at a nuclear facility in Ohio. J Occup Med 33:632-637.

Wiggs, L.D., E. Johnson, C. Cox-Devore, and G. Voelz. 1994. Mortality through 1990 among white male workers at the Los Alamos National Laboratory: considering exposures to plutonium and external ionizing radiation. Health Phys 67:577-588.

Wilkinson, G.S., G.L. Tietjen, L.D. Wiggs, W.A. Galke, J.F. Acquavella, M. Reyes, G.L. Voelz, and R.J. Waxweiler. 1987. Mortality among plutonium and other radiation workers at a plutonium weapons facility. Am J Epidemiol 125:231-250.

Williams, E.D. 1997. Thyroid Cancer and the Chernobyl Accident. Health Effects of Low Dose Radiation. London: British Nuclear Energy Society.

Williams, E.D. 2003. Chernobyl, 15 years later, correlation of clinical, epidemiological and molecular outcomes. Ann Endocrinol 64:72.

Wilson, D.M., 3rd, and L.H. Thompson. 1997. Life without DNA repair. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 94:12754-12757.

Wing, S., C. Shy, J. Wood, S. Wolf, D. Cragle, and E. Frome. 1991. Mortality among workers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Evidence of radiation effects in follow-up through 1984. J Am Med Assoc 265:1397-1402.

Wing, S., C. Shy, J. Wood, S. Wolf, D. Cragle, W. Tankersley, and E. Frome. 1993. Job factors, radiation and cancer mortality at Oak Ridge National Laboratory: follow-up through 1984. Am J Ind Med 23:265-279.

Witt, K.L., and J.B. Bishop. 1996. Mutagenicity of anticancer drugs in mammalian germ cells. Mutat Res 355:209-234.

Wojcik, A., K. Bonk, W.U. Muller, C. Streffer, U. Weissenborn, and G. Obe. 1992. Absence of adaptive response to low doses of x-rays in preimplantation embryos and spleen lymphocytes of an inbred mouse strain as compared to human peripheral lymphocytes: a cytogenetic study. Int J Radiat Biol 62:177-186.

Wolf, C., J. Lafuma, R. Masse, M. Morin, and A.M. Kellerer. 2000. Neutron RBE for induction of tumors with high lethality in Sprague-Dawley rats. Radiat Res 154:412-420.

Wolff, S. 1989. Are radiation-induced effects hormetic? Science 245: 575, 621.

Wolff, S. 1992a. Low dose exposures and the induction of adaptation. Pp. 21-28 in Low Dose Irradiation and Biological Defense Mechanisms, T. Sugahara and others, eds. Amsterdam, London, New York, Tokyo: Excerpta Medica.

Wolff, S. 1992b. Failla Memorial Lecture. Is radiation all bad? The search for adaptation. Radiat Res 131:117-123.

Wolff, S. 1996. Aspects of the adaptive response to very low doses of radiation and other agents. Mutat Res 358:135-142.

Wong, F.L., M. Yamada, H. Sasaki, K. Kodama, S. Akiba, K. Shimaoka, and Y. Hosoda. 1993. Noncancer disease incidence in the atomic bomb survivors: 1958-1986. Radiat Res 135:418-430.

Wong, F.L., J.D. Boice Jr., D.H. Abramson, R.E. Tarone, R.A. Kleinerman, M. Stovall, M.B. Goldman, J.M. Seddon, N. Tarbell, J.F. Fraumeni Jr., and F.P. Li. 1997a. Cancer incidence after retinoblastoma. Radiation dose and sarcoma risk. J Am Med Assoc 278:1262-1267.

Wong, F.L., J.D. Boice Jr., D.H. Abramson, R.E. Tarone, R.A. Kleinerman, M. Stovall, M.B. Goldman, J.M. Seddon, N. Tarbell, J.F. Fraumeni Jr., and F.P. Li. 1997b. Cancer incidence after retinoblastoma. Radiation dose and sarcoma risk. J Am Med Assoc 278:1262-1267.

Wong, F.L., M. Yamada, H. Sasaki, K. Kodama, and Y. Hosoda. 1999. Effects of radiation on the longitudinal trends of total serum cholesterol levels in atomic bomb survivors. Radiat Res 151:736-746.

Wood, R.D., M. Mitchell, J. Sgouros, and T. Lindahl. 2001. Human DNA repair genes. Science 291:1284-1289.

Worgul, B.V., L. Smilenov, D.J. Brenner, A. Junk, W. Zhou, and E.J. Hall. 2002. ATM heterozygous mice are more sensitive to radiation-induced cataracts than are their wild-type counterparts. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 99:9836-9839.

Wouters, B.G., A.M. Sy, and L.D. Skarsgard. 1996. Low-dose hypersensitivity and increased radioresistance in a panel of human tumor cell lines with different radiosensitivity. Radiat Res 146:399-413.

Wright, E.G. 2000. Genomic instability manifestations and mechanisms. Pp. 483-487 in Radiation Research 2, M. Moriarty and others, eds. Lawrence: Allen Press.

Wu, H.I., J.A. Brown, M.J. Dorie, L. Lazzeroni, J.M. Brown. 2004. Genome-wide identification of genes conferring resistance to the anticancer agents cisplatin, oxaliplatin, and mitomycin C. Cancer Res 64:3940-3948.

Wu, L.J., G. Randers-Pehrson, A. Xu, C.A. Waldren, C.R. Geard, Z. Yu, and T.K. Hei. 1999. Targeted cytoplasmic irradiation with alpha particles induces mutations in mammalian cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96:4959-4964.

Wu, X., J. Li, X. Li, C.L. Hsieh, P.M. Burgers, and M.R. Lieber. 1996. Processing of branched DNA intermediates by a complex of human FEN-1 and PCNA. Nucleic Acids Res 24:2036-2043.

Wyllie, A. 1998. Apoptosis. An endonuclease at last. Nature 391:20-21.


Xanthoudakis, S., R.J. Smeyne, J.D. Wallace, and T. Curran. 1996. The redox/DNA repair protein, Ref-1, is essential for early embryonic development in mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93:8919-8923.

Xia, F., X. Wang, Y.H. Wang, N.M. Tsang, D.W. Yandell, K.T. Kelsey, and H.L. Liber. 1995. Altered p53 status correlates with differences in sensitivity to radiation-induced mutation and apoptosis in two closely related human lymphoblast lines. Cancer Res 55:12-15.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement