BOX 1-2
Animal Diseases Addressed in This Report

Exotic (Foreign) Animal Diseases

Exotic Newcastle disease (END)

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD)

Recently Emergent Diseases


Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)

Endemic Diseases

Chronic wasting disease (CWD)

West Nile virus (WNV)

Avian influenza (AI)

Previously Unknown Agents

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus

Novel Naturally Occurring or Bioengineered Animal Pathogens

Diseases of Toxicological Origin

Boundaries of the Report

This report is not a comprehensive, all-inclusive discussion of animal health. Rather, it is intended as a first step to begin an analysis that will be expanded and enriched in the second and third planned phases of this study.

For example, this phase of the study did not attempt an in-depth review of the effectiveness of each individual component of the framework or of any specific agency involved in safeguarding animal health but did examine the effectiveness of the framework as a whole in relation to different animal disease scenarios and, in doing so, sought to identify ways that the framework could be improved.

Early in its deliberations, the committee found that the topics of the first phase—prevention, detection, and diagnosis—are intimately intertwined with surveillance, monitoring, and response/recovery issues and that they are impossible to deal with in isolation. Because surveillance and monitoring are important to the prevention, detection, and diagnosis of disease, they are referenced in the report. However, this volume has not reviewed and presented recommendations for an overall surveillance system or the infrastructure that might be required for such as system,

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