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High-Consequence Livestock Pathogens and Toxins

USDA-Only Agents and Toxinsa

USDA-HHS Overlap Agents and Toxinsb

African horse sickness virus

Bacillus anthracis

African swine fever virus

Botulinum neurotoxin

Akabane virus

Botulinum neurotoxin-producing species of Clostridium

Avian influenza virus (highly pathogenic)

Brucella abortus

Bluetongue virus (exotic)

Brucella melitensis

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy agent

Brucella suis

Camel pox virus

Burkholderia mallei

Classical swine fever virus

Burkolderia pseudonallei

Cowdria ruminantium (Heartwater)

Clostridium botulinum

Foot-and-mouth disease virus

Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin

Goat pox virus

Coccidioides immitis

Japanese encephalitis virus

Coxiella burnetii

Lumpy skin disease virus

Eastern equine encephalitis virus

Malignant catarrhal fever virus (exotic)

Franscisella tulanrensis

Menangle virus

Hendra virus

Mycoplasma capricolum/M.38/

Nipah virus

M.mycoides capri (contagious caprine—pleuropneumonia)


Mycoplasma mycoides mycoides (contagious bovine pleuropneumonia)

Rift Valley fever virus

Newcastle disease virus (VVND)


Peste des petits ruminants virus

Staphylococcus enterotoxins

Rinderpest virus

T-2 toxin

Sheep pox virus

Venezulan equine encephalitis virus

Swine vesicular disease virus


Vesicular stomatitis virus (exotic)


aSelect agents and toxins that are only the USDA list of high-consequence livestock pathogens and toxins.

bSelect agents and toxins that are on the USDA list of high-consequence livestock pathogens and toxins and on the HHS list of select agents and toxins.


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