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Deterrence, Protection, and Preparation: The New Transportation Security Imperative TRANSPORTATION PANEL BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION Mortimer L. Downey, Chair, is former U.S. Deputy Secretary of Transportation and now principal consultant with PBConsult, the management consulting subsidiary of Parsons Brinckerhoff. As Deputy Secretary from 1993 to 2001, Mr. Downey was the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Chief Operating Officer. He also served on the President’s Management Council, as Chairman of the National Science and Technology Council Committee on Transportation Research and Development, and as a member of the Board of Directors of Amtrak. Previously, Mr. Downey was Executive Director and Chief Financial Officer of New York’s Metropolitan Transportation Authority, the nation’s largest independent public authority. He is well known for developing innovative solutions to complex public policy issues, and has championed a systemwide approach to transportation decision making. Mr. Downey serves as chairman of the Board of Directors of the National Academy of Public Administration and as a board member of the Eno Transportation Foundation. He has received the Frank Turner Lifetime Achievement Award from the Transportation Research Board (TRB), the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Public Transportation Association, and the Leadership Award from ITS America. H. Norman Abramson is Executive Vice President Emeritus, Southwest Research Institute. He is internationally known in the field of theoretical and applied mechanics. His specific area of expertise is the dynamics of contained liquids in astronautical, nuclear, and marine systems. He began his career as Associate Professor of Aeronautical Engineering at Texas A&M University and has since served as Vice President and Governor of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and Director of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). He is an AIAA Fellow and Fellow and Honorary Member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. As
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Deterrence, Protection, and Preparation: The New Transportation Security Imperative a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), he served on itscouncil from 1984 to 1990. He has also served on many other NAE and National Research Council (NRC) committees, including the Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems (CETS) Committee on R&D Strategies to Improve Surface Transportation Security, on which he served as chairman; TRB’s Research and Technology Coordinating Committee; and TRB’s Committee on the Federal Transportation R&D Strategic Planning Process. He also served as a member of the U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board from 1986 to 1990. Lisa M. Bendixen is principal in the Global Environment and Risk Division of ICF Consulting, LLC, specializing in safety and risk. Since joining the division previously owned by Arthur D. Little, Inc., she has been involved in risk management and risk assessment studies conducted within numerous industries, covering both fixed facilities and transportation systems. She was project manager for and primary author of Guidelines for Chemical Transportation Risk Analysis, published by the American Institute of Chemical Engineers’ Center for Process Safety. She served on TRB’s Committee on Fiber Drum Packaging for Transporting Hazardous Materials. She is currently a member of the Committee for the Review and Evaluation of the Army Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Disposal Program. Anthony J. Broderick is an independent aviation safety consultant who works with international airlines, aerospace and aircraft manufacturing firms, and national governments. Before retiring from his post as Associate Administrator for Regulation and Certification at the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), he served for 11 years as the federal government’s senior career aviation safety official. He led FAA’s development of the International Aviation Safety Assessment program, and was instrumental in leading international efforts to establish certification and operational standards for safety. Prior to becoming Associate Administrator, he spent 14 years in FAA and the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) and 7 years in private industry. He has an extensive background in civil aviation safety, security, and environmental issues. He is a member of NRC’s Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board.
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Deterrence, Protection, and Preparation: The New Transportation Security Imperative Noel K. Cunningham is Director of Operations for the Port of Los Angeles. In this position, which he has held since 1994, he manages the Port Police, Port Pilot, and Emergency Management Divisions. He serves as Chief of Police for the Port of Los Angeles, the only U.S. police force dedicated to port activities, which enforces all federal, state, and local laws applicable to cargo protection, pollution investigations, vessel traffic control, and drug interdiction. He is immediate past President of the International Association of Airport and Seaport Police. Before joining the Port of Los Angeles in 1991, he served as an area captain with the Los Angeles Police Department for 25 years. John J. Fearnsides is Professor of Public Policy at George Mason University and a Senior Strategic Consultant with Lockheed Martin Corporation. Until 1999, he was Senior Vice President and General Manager of The MITRE Corporation and Director of its Center for Advanced Aviation System Development, which is sponsored by FAA. He worked at DOT from 1972 to 1980, serving as Deputy Under Secretary and Chief Scientist, Executive Assistant to the Secretary, and Acting Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs. He was a National Science Foundation Fellow and is a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and the National Academy of Public Administration. He has served as a member of numerous NRC and TRB committees, including most recently the Committee for a Study of the Public Sector Requirements for a Small Aircraft Transportation System. Stephen E. Flynn is Commander, U.S. Coast Guard, and Senior Fellow, National Security Studies Program, Council on Foreign Relations. As a Commander in the Coast Guard, he is a member of the Permanent Commissioned Teaching Staff at the U.S. Coast Guard Academy. Currently at the Council on Foreign Relations, he is directing a multiyear project on Protecting the Homeland: Rethinking the Role of Border Controls. He has served in the White House Military Office and as a Director for Global Issues on the National Security Council staff. He is the author of several publications on border control, homeland security, the illicit drug trade, and trans-
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Deterrence, Protection, and Preparation: The New Transportation Security Imperative portation security, including “America the Vulnerable,” published in ForeignAffairs in 2002, and “The Unguarded America,” which appears in a collection of essays on the September 11 attacks published by Public Affairs Books. He has been a Guest Scholar in the Foreign Policy Studies Program at the Brookings Institution and Annenberg Scholar-in-Residence at the University of Pennsylvania. Francis B. Francois retired in 1999 as Executive Director of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). Previously, he was a member of the County Council of Prince George’s County, Maryland, an elected position in which he was involved in transportation, public works, environmental, and community development issues. In his capacity as AASHTO Executive Director, he was an active participant in and supporter of TRB activities, including the TRB Executive Committee and the Strategic Highway Research Program. He was recently a member of the Committee for a Study for a Future Strategic Highway Research Program and is currently a member of TRB’s Task Force on Critical Transportation Infrastructure Protection. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Ernest R. Frazier, Sr., is Vice President of the System Security and Safety Department of the National Railroad Passenger Corporation. In this position, he serves as Chief of Police and is responsible for the oversight, development, and implementation of the corporation’s systemwide security and safety initiatives. He has been a law enforcement officer for 25 years and with Amtrak since 1981, appointed as Chief of Police in 1994. During his tenure, the Amtrak Police Department became the first law enforcement agency with additional jurisdictional responsibility to achieve national accreditation as a police force. He is a member of the International Association of Chiefs of Police and has served on its Terrorism Committee. He is past President and a current member of the International Association of Railway Police and past Chairman of the Railroad Police Section of the International Association of Chiefs of Police and the United States Department of Justice Transportation Security Subcommittee.
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Deterrence, Protection, and Preparation: The New Transportation Security Imperative Robert E. Gallamore is Director of the Transportation Center and Professor of Managerial Economics and Decision Sciences in the Kellogg Graduate School of Management, Northwestern University. Prior to joining the university in August 2001, he was an executive on loan from Union Pacific Railroad to the Transportation Technology Center in Pueblo, Colorado. At Union Pacific, he was Assistant Vice President of Communications Technologies and General Manager of the North American Joint Positive Train Control Program. He has also served in several positions with the federal government, including Deputy Federal Railroad Administrator and Associate Administra-tor for Planning of the Urban Mass Transportation Administration. Henry L. Hungerbeeler is Director of the Missouri Department of Transportation, overseeing the work of 6,000 employees and a system that includes 32,000 miles of highway, as well as state-aided airports, transit systems, railroads, and ports. Before joining the department, he spent his career in the U.S. Air Force, serving as chief of staff for the military task force combating international drug cartels. He also served as base commander for Charleston Air Force Base and Andrews Air Force Base. He trained and led the security force that protected Air Force One. He is currently Chairman of AASHTO’s Task Force on Transportation Security. Brian M. Jenkins is Senior Advisor to the President of RAND Corporation. He also is a Research Associate in the Mineta Transportation Institute at San Jose State University, and until 1998 was Deputy Chairman of Kroll Associates. He has devoted the past 25 years to the study of terrorism and international crime. After joining RAND Corporation in 1972, he planned and led government-sponsored research projects on terrorism. He later became the Director of RAND’s Subnational Conflict Research Program, a position he held until his departure from the company in 1989. He also chaired RAND’s Political Science Department from 1986 to 1989. He joined Kroll Associates in 1989, where his responsibilities included supervising the company’s investigative and consulting work on terrorism and security. He consults with several government agencies and is currently a member of the
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Deterrence, Protection, and Preparation: The New Transportation Security Imperative White House Commission on Aviation Safety and Security. His publications include International Terrorism: A New Mode of Conflict and Terrorism and Personal Protection. Daniel Murray is currently Director of Technology Research at the American Trucking Associations (ATA) Foundation. The ATA Foundation is sponsored by ATA to research and develop technologies that can be used to improve trucking and highway safety, security, and productivity. His areas of expertise are freight mobility and transportation planning, and his current research focuses on the development of national intelligent transportation systems (ITS) to enhance freight efficiency and security. He has managed several large-scale research projects for the ATA Foundation, including the O’Hare International Airport Air Cargo Security Access System Project, the Multimodal Electronic Supply Chain Manifest field test, and the Tacoma–Chicago Intermodal Data Transfer Study. Prior to his current position, he was a policy analyst for ATA. He is currently a member of the Minnesota Guidestar ITS Board and the Midwest Transportation Alliance, and he served as Vice Chairman of the Minnesota Freight Stakeholders Coalition. Edmond L. Soliday recently retired as Vice President for Corporate Safety, Quality Assurance, and Security at United Airlines. In this position, he directed the airline’s flight safety, occupational safety, environmental safety, corporate emergency response, and corporate security programs. Serving for 11 years, he played a key role in developing many innovative flight safety programs in the aviation industry, including flight operations quality assurance, enhanced ground proximity warning systems, the Aviation Safety Action Program, and the Crew/Leadership/Resource Management Program for flight officers. He cochairs the Commercial Aviation Safety Team, an industry group that works with FAA to address significant safety issues. He is also a member of ATA’s Safety Council and the Flight Safety Foundation’s Executive Committee. He worked for United for more than 35 years and was a Boeing 767 captain before becoming head of corporate safety.
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Deterrence, Protection, and Preparation: The New Transportation Security Imperative Richard A. White is General Manager and Chief Executive Officer of the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA), the regional operator of rapid transit and bus services in the greater Washington, D.C., metropolitan area. He has been General Manager of WMATA since 1996. Prior to joining WMATA, he served in several staff executive positions, including Deputy General Manager and then General Manager of the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District (BART), where he was Chief Executive Officer for the regional rapid transit and express bus service. Before joining BART, he worked with the New Jersey Transit Corporation, where he managed a variety of activities for this statewide public transportation authority. He serves on the Board of Directors of the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments Transportation Planning Board and is Chairman of the American Public Transportation Association’s Security Task Force. James A. Wilding is President and Chief Executive Officer of the Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority, which operates both Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport and Dulles International Airport. He joined FAA in 1959 to participate in the original planning and development of Dulles Airport. He served as Chief Engineer for the airport until 1975, when he was appointed Deputy Director. In 1979, he was appointed Director of FAA’s Washington Airports organization, which was transferred to the independent airports authority in 1987. He has served as Chairman of the Airports Council International–North America and on the board of directors of the regional organization and its parent organization in Geneva. He was a member of the TRB Executive Committee from January 1999 to January 2002.
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