FIGURE 3.1 The suite of recently completed, current, and funded Mars missions planned for launch by the international community before the end of 2010. SOURCE: Presentation to the committee by James Garvin, then chief scientist of the Mars Program, NASA, February 26, 2004.

TABLE 3.1 Mars Exploration: Planned Missions and Year and Mission Concepts and Their Objectives

 

Planned Missions and Year

Mission Concepts

 

2005

2007

2009

2011

2013

2016

2018

2020

Mission

MRO

NASA Phoenix Scout

MSL; Mars Telesat Orbiter

Mars Scout

Mars Sample Return

or

Astrobiology

Field

Laboratory

Mars Scout

Astrobiology

Field

Laboratory

or

Deep Drill;

Network mission

Mars Scout;

Deep Drill

Objective

Characterize the martian surface, subsurface, and atmosphere; identify potential sites for future landers

Explore the geologic history and biological potential of the northern plains of Mars

Investigate potential habitats for life

To be competitively selected

Collect fines, rock fragments, and atmosphere and return samples to Earth

Explore site identified as habitat for life

To be competitively selected

Explore a site identified as a habitat for life

Drill 3 to 10 m to gather samples

Use global network of several landers to measure seismology and geochemistry

To be competitively selected

NOTE: This table represents the Mars Exploration Program as conveyed to the committee at the time of its study preparation. Since that time, the program has changed. The schedule for the Mars Sample Return mission has slipped several years, and the Mars Telesat mission has been canceled.

SOURCE: MSPSG (2004).



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