in Automated Manufacturing. He is a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and recipient of the IEEE Founder’s Award (1990), a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and an honorary member of the American Society of Manufacturing Engineers. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1980.

RAY M. BOWEN is President Emeritus and professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University. Dr. Bowen earned his B.S. in mechanical engineering from Texas A&M University, his M.S. from the California Institute of Technology, and his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Texas A&M University. His research interests are focused on nonlinear continuum mechanics, especially the theory of mixtures. From 1994 to 2002, Dr. Bowen was president of Texas A&M. During Dr. Bowen’s tenure, the university was admitted to the Association of American Universities, numerous academic programs were expanded and enhanced, and a major capital campaign was completed successfully. Before assuming the presidency of Texas A&M, Dr. Bowen held appointments at Oklahoma State University, University of Kentucky, Rice University, and Louisiana State University. He has held two managerial positions at the National Science Foundation, is a member of several professional societies, and has authored or coauthored numerous professional articles and books. Dr. Bowen was appointed to the National Science Board in 2002.

BARRY HOROWITZ (NAE) is professor of systems engineering at the University of Virginia. Prior to joining the faculty there, he was chairman and founder of Concept Five Technologies, an e-business solutions provider specializing in applying enterprise application integration and security technologies to business-to-business systems. He was also president and CEO of MITRE Corporation and president and CEO of Mitretek Systems. Dr. Horowitz was awarded the highest civilian award of the U.S. Air Force for

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