institutionalization of national control regimes in these countries might become an even greater concern for the United States.

Controlling and limiting access to U.S. knowledge will not, in itself, prevent the emergence of technology from new centers, and it will not guarantee the emergence of similar and equivalent innovation here in the United States, nor will it facilitate access to these new innovations. Therefore, a different approach to guaranteeing access is needed that is not based solely on control. The idea of maintaining access is at the core of the forward-looking conclusions and recommendations contained in Chapter 6 of this report.

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