dent of operations for the International Electronics Manufacturing Initiative (iNEMI). Before this, he was the director of international and environmental research and development at Motorola’s Advanced Technology Center, where he led Motorola’s environmental technology R&D. He was also responsible for globalizing Motorola’s Advanced Technology Center, including research centers in China and Germany. Dr. Pfahl is a member of the steering committee of the International Society of Industrial Ecology. He is also a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and a member of the International Microelectronics and Packaging Society (IMAPS). He holds nine U.S. patents in electronics manufacturing technology and is the inventor of the vapor-phase soldering process. He led the U.S. electronics industry in its preparation of the 1994 and 1996 National Electronic Manufacturing Initiative Roadmaps. Dr. Pfahl chairs the National Roadmap Coordinating Committee, which coordinates U.S. electronic roadmapping activities with U.S. government activities in electronics R&D. In recognition of his efforts to eliminate the use of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in the electronics industry, Dr. Pfahl received the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Stratospheric Ozone Protection Award for “executive leadership and industry organizing” in 1991. Dr. Pfahl also chaired the American Electronics Association’s CFC task force.

Natalia Tamirisa is a senior economist with the International Monetary Fund, where she has worked on a range of topics in international economic policy, focusing on emerging market economies. As the holder of an M.Sc. in aerospace economics from the Moscow Aviation Institute, in Russia, Dr. Tamirisa also has a technical background in the economics and management of aerospace research and development. She received honors, scholarships, and grants for her graduate studies and an outstanding research award for her Ph.D. thesis. She was the valedictorian at the International Space University summer session in Toulouse, France, in 1991. Dr. Tamirisa has authored and coauthored publications on issues in the globalization of trade and finance, including trade and capital controls, dual-use technologies, intellectual property rights, and the environmental economics of space.

Xishan Xie is a professor in the High Temperature Materials Testing and Research Laboratories at the University of Science and Technology in Beijing. He is also vice chairman of the International Affairs Committee of the Chinese Society for Metals. Dr. Xie also serves as the Chinese delegate to the International Organization of Materials, Metals, and Minerals Societies. He has participated in several Pacific Rim International Conferences on Advanced Materials and Processing. He has published nearly 200 papers in English and Chinese versions for technical journals and proceedings.

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