granted by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) in 1998. In 1999, Israel—at 122 patent applications per million population—was the only non-OECD economy whose patent applications at the EPO exceeded the OECD average of 88. In 1998, Taiwan had 223 patents granted at the USPTO per million population. Non-OECD economies accounted for only 1.5 percent, up from 1 percent in 1991.

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