The benchmarking evidence in this chapter and the patent and literature evidence from Chapter 2 make it clear that the increasing international and transnational activity in MSE R&D is impacting U.S. MSE R&D and its standing in the world. In this regard, the committee offers two conclusions.

Conclusion. Globalization of MSE R&D is proceeding rapidly, in line with broader trends toward globalization. As a result of increasing international trade and investment, the emergence of new markets, and the growth of the Internet and the global communications system, MSE R&D in the United States is an internationalized activity with a diverse set of international partners.

Conclusion. The globalization of MSE R&D is narrowing the technological lead of the United States.

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