Against this background, Chapter 1 of this report includes summaries of the presentations given during the plenary sessions of the workshop, highlights of the conference on innovation that followed, and the significant issues discussed during the breakout sessions. Chapter 2 presents the principal themes that emerged during the workshop. Finally, the appendixes include three documents that help provide the context for the workshop. Appendix C sets forth the 2002 science and technology policy of the Russian Federation, which addresses many aspects of innovation. Appendix D presents an excerpt from a proposal of the Ministry of Education and Science to improve Russia’s overall approach to innovation set forth in 2005. While this document was not available to participants at the time of the workshop, it provides valuable insight into strategic planning for innovation at the federal level. This perspective complements that of the perspective at the regional level. Appendix E provides the text of a workshop presentation by a representative from Snezhinsk that focuses on the special problems in one important nuclear city.

The two government documents (Appendixes C and D) reflect the Russian government’s effort to take into account the many dimensions of national science and technology policy while developing practical steps to stimulate innovation. This indicates that the government is attempting to develop a complex innovation model for which it can claim ownership despite financial limitations. Difficult issues such as tax reform, two-way international outsourcing of technology development, and the adoption of metrics to measure success must continue to be addressed; but a start has been made.

While this report was prepared primarily for the NCI program and for its participants in Russia, other U.S. and Russian organizations should also find the report of interest. For example, the DOE program on Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention and the program recently launched by the Departments of State and Commerce to expand cooperation in promoting high-tech innovation are consistent with the topic of this report. Finally, while Russian colleagues have considered many of the observations presented here in a disparate fashion, the report may assist them in developing a broader context for their individual activities.

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