Appendixes



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Monitoring at Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities Appendixes

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Monitoring at Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members Charles E. Kolb, Chair, graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with a B.S. in chemical physics and from Princeton University with an M.A. and a Ph.D. in physical chemistry. Dr. Kolb is president and chief executive officer of Aerodyne Research, Inc., in Billerica, Massachusetts. His principal research interests have included atmospheric and environmental chemistry, combustion chemistry, materials chemistry, and the chemical physics of rocket and aircraft exhaust plumes. He has served on several National Aeronautics and Space Administration and Environmental Protection Agency panels dealing with environmental issues, as well as on eight National Research Council (NRC) committees and boards dealing with atmospheric and environmental chemistry. Dr. Kolb also served on the NRC’s Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (member, 1993−1998; vice chair, 1998−2000) and on the Committee on Review and Evaluation of Chemical Events at Army Chemical Demilitarization Facilities (chair, 2001−2002). He has also been appointed a National Affiliate of the National Academies. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society, American Geophysical Union, American Association for the Advancement of Science, and Optical Society of America. Jeffrey I. Steinfeld, Vice Chair, graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) with a B.S. in chemistry and from Harvard University with a Ph.D. in physical chemistry. He is currently professor of chemistry at MIT. He has taught and written extensively for more than 37 years at MIT, specializing in high-sensitivity monitoring techniques, pollution prevention, and environmental research and education. His experience is well suited to the work of a committee concerned with the safety and monitoring activities of the Army’s Chemical Demilitarization Program. His interest and experience in bringing scientific knowledge into environmental decision making via stakeholder involvement are particularly applicable to the assessment of a disposal program that has considerable political, economic, social, scientific, and technical impact. Elisabeth M. Drake, a member of the National Academy of Engineering, graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) with a Ph.D. in chemical engineering. She retired in 2000 as the associate director of the MIT Energy Laboratory. Dr. Drake presently is an emerita staff member at the MIT Laboratory for Energy and the Environment. She has had considerable experience in risk management and communication; in technology associated with the transport, processing, storage, and disposal of hazardous materials; and in chemical engineering process design and control systems. She has served on several NRC committees relating to chemical demilitarization, and participated in an earlier NRC monitoring study within the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (1994) conducted by the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Dr. Drake has a special interest in the interactions between technology and the environment. She belongs to a number of environmental organizations, including the Audubon Society and the National Wildlife Federation. Colin G. Drury is UB Distinguished Professor and Chair of Industrial Engineering at the State University of New York at Buffalo, concentrating on the application of human factors techniques to manufacturing and maintenance processes. After receiving a Ph.D. from the University of Birmingham, UK, Dr. Drury became manager of ergonomics at Pilkington Glass. He has published extensively on topics in industrial process control, quality control, and aviation maintenance and safety, and he is North American editor of Applied Ergonomics. From 1988 to 1993, he was the founding executive director of the Center for Industrial Effectiveness. He is a fellow of the Institute of Industrial Engineers, the Ergonomics Society, the International Ergonomics Association, and the Human Factors Ergonomics Society. Dr. Drury re-

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Monitoring at Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities ceived the Bartlett Medal of the Ergonomics Society and the Fitts Award of the Human Factors Ergonomics Society, and has served on a number of NRC committees. J. Robert Gibson graduated from Mississippi State University with a Ph.D. in physiology and holds a master’s degree in zoology and a bachelor of science degree in general science from the same institution. His primary research interests include the toxicology and behavior of pesticides in aquatic and estuarine environments. Dr. Gibson retired as a director in DuPont’s Crop Protection Products Division in Wilmington, Delaware, in 2001. During his 30-year career with DuPont, he held positions in research and development, chemical plant management, and corporate administration (serving as corporate director of safety and health). He was also assistant director of DuPont’s Haskell Laboratory for Toxicology and Industrial Medicine. Dr. Gibson is board-certified in toxicology by the American Board of Toxicology and is currently a consultant in toxicology and occupational safety and health. With more than 25 years of experience in toxicology and occupational safety and health, he served for 8 years with the NRC Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (Stockpile Committee). He was also a member of the NRC Committee on Evaluation of Chemical Events at Army Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities. In October 2003, Dr. Gibson was appointed U.S. representative to the Scientific Advisory Board of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. Peter R. Griffiths, professor of analytical chemistry and chair of the Department of Chemistry, University of Idaho, received his B.A. in 1964 and his Ph.D. in 1967, both from Oxford University, and was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Maryland from 1967 to 1969. He has served previously on the NRC Committee on Testing and Evaluation (T&E) of Standoff Chemical Agent Detectors. Professor Griffiths’ research is centered on the application of vibrational spectrometry to the solution of problems of analytical, environmental, and structural chemistry. The current projects that are being worked on by members of his research group include the development of a completely automated open-path FT-IR (OP/FT-IR) spectrometer, investigations into the theory and practice of surface-enhanced infrared absorption, applications of an ultra-rapid-scanning FT-IR spectrometer, and the study of catalytic reactions by diffuse reflection infrared spectrometry. Another project being studied in this laboratory, in collaboration with a small business in Troy, Idaho, Manning Applied Technology, involves the development of a new type of FT-IR spectrometer that currently allows the measurement of complete infrared spectra in 5 milliseconds. In principle, the scan time of this instrument can be reduced to allow spectra to be measured in as little as 1 millisecond. James R. Klugh is currently the technical director and vice president for information technology for Dimensions International, Inc. A retired Army major general, his last military position was as assistant deputy chief of staff for logistics at Headquarters, Department of the Army. A graduate of South Carolina State University with a B.S. in chemistry and mathematics, Mr. Klugh also has an M.S. in administration and management from Shippensburg State College in Pennsylvania. He served as director of the Department of Defense’s chemical and biological research, development, and defense programs, and has also developed plans and managed activities in response to chemical, biological, and nuclear incidents. Mr. Klugh established a joint total-asset-visibility program for tracking supply support to all armed forces, including the National Guard and Reserves. This program included the use of best technology solutions in radio-frequency, satellite tracking, and automatic identification equipment. The global technical architecture of tracking and reporting devices established the foundation for in-transit visibility of personnel, equipment, and supplies across the Department of Defense. Loren D. Koller is an independent consultant and former professor and dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine at Oregon State University. His research interests include the toxicologic, pathologic, and immunologic effects of toxic substances and the effect of environmental contaminants on tumor growth and immunity. Dr. Koller is a former member of the NRC Committee on Toxicology and participated on several of its subcommittees, including the Subcommittee on Immunotoxicity and the Subcommittee on Zinc Cadmium Sulfide. He is currently serving on the Institute of Medicine’s Committee on the Assessment of Wartime Exposure to Herbicides in Vietnam. He received his D.V.M. from Washington State University and his Ph.D. in pathology from the University of Wisconsin. Gary D. Sides, senior scientist and director of government marketing for GTI Defense, Birmingham, Alabama, has 25 years of experience in the development of automated and manual methods and the manufacture of automated monitoring systems to determine sarin (GB), VX, mustard, and other agents at the current worker protection levels and at the proposed CDC airborne exposure levels. Following the receipt of his Ph.D. in physical chemistry from the University of Florida in 1975, Dr. Sides conducted, and later directed, research, development, testing, and evaluation of automated and manual monitoring systems and accessories for the near-real-time detection of chemical warfare agents. His efforts in this area have included the design, development, and manufacture of ACAMS; the design, development, manufacture, and support of the MINICAMS; and the development of improved DAAMS methods. These three automated and manual methods form the basis of the Army’s agent monitoring technology currently used in the non-stockpile and

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Monitoring at Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities stockpile programs. His work in air monitoring during the past 25 years has been conducted not only at CMS Research Corporation, which he founded and ran for 12 years, but also at Southern Research Institute, from which he retired in 2003. Albert A. Viggiano, a research chemist with the Space Vehicles Directorate of the Air Force Research Laboratory, graduated from the University of California at Berkeley with a B.Sc. in chemistry (with highest honors) in 1976. He received his Ph.D. in chemical physics from the University of Colorado at Boulder in 1980. Since graduate school, he has been active in the fields of atmospheric ion chemistry and kinetics, specifically in measuring ion molecule reaction rates of interest to atmospheric chemistry. Dr. Viggiano developed a chemical iononization mass spectrometer detection scheme for studying the thermal decomposition of N2O5 and was involved in measuring the chemistry that allowed sulfuric acid measurements in the atmosphere to be made. As a postdoctoral fellow in Heidelberg, Germany, he used these measurements to derive the first height profiles of sulfuric acid in the atmosphere and was involved in obtaining and analyzing in situ mass spectrometric data on the ion composition of the stratosphere. Since coming to the Air Force Research Laboratory in 1983, Dr. Viggiano has worked on measurements of ion kinetics related to a number of problems over a broad range of conditions. He has developed a technique that allows the effects of internal energy on the reactivity of gas phase ion molecule reactions to be studied. Using this technique, he has studied the effect of rotational energy on reactivity in more systems than that known collectively elsewhere. He has been instrumental in developing a technique to measure ion molecule reactions at temperatures over 1000 K for the first time. The addition of a supersonic expansion source to the selected ion flow drift tube allows for the measurement of mass selected cluster ions at thermal energy for the first time. A high-pressure turbulent flow tube is the first of its type for studying ion molecule reactions. Dr. Viggiano has authored or co-authored more than 240 papers and book chapters and has given 70 seminars at universities and laboratories and over 230 presentations at scientific meetings. He was lead author of the paper of the year at the Phillips Laboratory in 1993 and spent 2 months at the Max Planck Institut fur Kernphysik working with Frank Arnold under the Air Force Window on Europe program. He won the Loeser Award in 1997 and the Air Force Basic Research Award in 1999. David R. Walt, Robinson Professor of Chemistry at Tufts University, received a B.S. in chemistry from the University of Michigan and a Ph.D. in chemical biology from the State University of New York at Stony Brook. After postdoctoral studies at MIT, he joined the chemistry faculty at Tufts. Dr. Walt served as Chemistry Department chairman from 1989 to 1996. He serves on many government advisory panels and boards and chaired a National Research Council panel on New Measurement Technologies for the Oceans and was a member of the NRC Committee on Waterborne Pathogens and the Committee on Review of Testing and Evaluation Methodology for Biological Point Detectors. He served for 7 years as executive editor of Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology and serves on the editorial advisory board for numerous journals. Dr. Walt is the scientific founder of Illumina, Inc. He has received numerous national and international awards and honors recognizing his work, including a National Science Foundation Special Creativity Award, the Biosensors and Bioelectronics Award, and the Samuel R. Scholes Award in Glass Science. He was elected a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2000. Funding for his work has come from the Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Office of Naval Research, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, and Environmental Protection Agency, as well as numerous foundations and corporations. Dr. Walt has published more than 150 papers, holds more than 30 patents, and has given hundreds of invited scientific presentations.