entry by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to receive international shipments of wildlife.

  1. National security concerns

Analysis
  1. By volume of arriving international air travelers:

    1. Ports of highest priority by this criterion are New York JFK, Miami, Los Angeles, Chicago O’Hare, Newark, San Francisco, Atlanta, Houston Intercontinental, Honolulu, Washington Dulles, Dallas-Ft. Worth, Boston, Detroit, San Juan (PR), Philadelphia, Seattle, Minneapolis, and Orlando International.

    2. 75.2% direct-arriving international air traveler coverage if CDC is present in the ports described in 1.a. that have >500,000 arriving international air travelers per year.

    3. 77.3% coverage if ports near the above international airports (indirect coverage)—that is, Ft. Lauderdale (Miami), Chicago Midway (Chicago O’Hare), Sanford Orlando (Orlando International), Oakland and San Jose (San Francisco), and Baltimore (Washington Dulles)—are considered.

    4. 17.4% of arriving international air travelers are precleared in Canada (13.0%), Bahamas (2.1 %), U.S. Virgin Islands (1.1 %), Aruba (0.7%), and Bermuda (0.5%)

  1. By volume of total (international and domestic) air travelers:

    1. Ports of priority (>25 million air travelers per year) by this criterion not already listed in 1.a. are Phoenix, Denver, and Las Vegas.

    2. 78.8% arriving international air traveler coverage if Phoenix (0.7%), Denver (0.4%), and Las Vegas (0.4%)—which rank 5, 6, and 7, respectively, in traveler volume in North America—are added to those listed in 1.b. and 1.c.

    3. All ports identified in 1.a. are included in the top 30 ranked airports in traveler volume in North America.

    4. Nine of 10 DHHS regional offices (that is, all but Region VII office in Kansas City, MO) located in the ports identified in 1.a. and 2.a.

  1. By volume of arriving international maritime travelers:

    1. Ports of priority (> 150,000 maritime travelers per year) in major U.S. cities not already listed in 1.a. and 2.a. are San Diego and New Orleans.

    2. Anchorage, AK … serves as the major city through which



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement