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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This study was supported by Contract No. 200-2000-00629, Task Order No. 31 between the National Academy of Sciences and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Measures to Enhance the Effectiveness of the CDC Quarantine Station Expansion Plan for U.S. Ports of Entry.

Quarantine stations at ports of entry : protecting the public’s health / Committee on Measures to Enhance the Effectiveness of the CDC Quarantine Station Expansion Plan for U.S. Ports of Entry, Board on Global Health, Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice ; Laura B. Sivitz, Kathleen Stratton, and Georges C. Benjamin, editors.

p. ; cm.

“This study was supported by Contract No. 200-2000-00629, Task Order No. 31 between the National Academy of Sciences and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention”—Galley.

Includes bibliographical references.

ISBN 0-309-09951-X (pbk. book)

1. Quarantine—United States. 2. Bioterrorism—United States—Prevention.

[DNLM: 1. Quarantine—United States. 2. Bioterrorism—prevention & control—United States. WA 234 I58 2005] I. Sivitz, Laura. II. Stratton, Kathleen R. III. Benjamin, Georges. IV. Title.

RA665.I57 2005

363.34′97—dc22

2005033697

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Copyright 2006 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America.

The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.

COVER: The cover incorporates images from a colorized transmission electron micrograph taken by C. Goldsmith (CDC) of Avian influenza A H5N1 viruses (seen in gold) grown in MDCK cells (green). Executive Order 13,375 of April 1, 2005, added to the list of quarantinable communicable diseases influenza caused “by novel or reemergent influenza viruses that are causing, or have the potential to cause, a pandemic.”



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