grows. We need to communicate a sense of urgency about the problem.

  • We may be able to solve the chemical industry’s energy problems but not those of the entire world. Also, if the focus is placed solely on the U.S. chemical industry, is it merely a matter of improving energy efficiency?

  • The self-interest of chemical industry should drive their involvement in the decision-making process for future energy generation (e.g., new power plants, cogeneration, etc.). A chemical industry transformation must occur to respond the energy and CO2 challenge

  • We must consider Earth systems engineering (e.g., simultaneous management of multiple nutrient cycles). We should also encourage local solutions for this global problem.

  • Implement noncarbon emitting processes and technologies:

    • Solar technology (storage and transmission technology for solar capture) to enable distributed energy production

  • A possible grand challenge: Do renewable sources have suitable properties for use in commodity chemicals? Perhaps renewable sources with desired properties must be developed. This will involve a large capital cost in terms of money and energy.

  • Encourage the production of chemicals onsite.

  • Are commodities moving overseas because the customer base is overseas?

6. Final Thoughts

  • Dissemination: Make sure that the final report gets into the hands of CEOs, or the most appropriate executives, in the chemical industry.

  • Involve policy experts, economists, and politicians in these matters. They may be able to help by installing incentives to bring about major changes.

  • From a Congressional staffer: So far, a case has not been made for sustainability to congressional representatives. The House Science Committee understands the problem, but a broader appeal is needed.

  • The final report should contain an exciting and appealing executive overview. For instance, a good business case may be made using case studies or examples.

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