FIGURE 6-1 The Grand Challenges (ovals) for Sustainability (large arrows) address the transition from the current thinking to the ideal vision for the chemical industry over the next 100 years. See text for a more detailed description of figure and the Grand Challenges.

dressing sustainability—balanced economic, environmental, and societal progress—in the chemical industry over the next 100 years.

1. Green and Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering

It is a grand challenge for all chemists and chemical engineers to be involved in discovering ways to carry out more chemical transformations utilizing green and sustainable chemistry and engineering. This builds on the ultimate premise of green chemistry1,2 that it is better to prevent waste than to clean it up after it is formed, and its integration into processing and


Anastas, P. T., J. Warner. 1998. Green Chemistry Theory and Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Poliakoff, M., J. M. Fitzpatrick, T. R. Farren, and P. T. Anastas. 2002. Green Chemistry: Science and Politics of Change. Science 297:807–810.

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