since the ionic liquids are nonvolatile and, thus, cannot contribute to air pollution. In developing these solvents, Brennecke’s primary interests are in thermodynamics, phase behavior, and separations.

Berkeley W. Cue, Jr. retired from Pfizer in April 2004 after almost 29 years. As vice president of Global Research and Development he was responsible for the six departments that comprise Pharmaceutical Sciences at Pfizer’s Groton R&D site. He was a member of the Worldwide Pharmaceutical Sciences Executive Team and the Groton Laboratories Leadership Team. Cue led Pfizer’s Green Chemistry initiative and has spoken extensively on this topic since 2000. He started in Pfizer in 1975 in the Animal Health Organic Chemistry Department. He transferred to the Process R&D Department of Developmental Research in 1979. He received a BA from the University of Massachusetts-Boston (1969), and his Ph.D. in Organic Chemistry from the University of Alabama (1974). Dr. Cue completed postdoctoral research at Ohio State University (1974) and was a National Cancer Institute Research Fellow at the University of Minnesota in 1975. In 2000 he was appointed to the Science Advisory Board at the University of Massachusetts-Boston. In 2003 he was appointed to the Green Chemistry Institute Board of Directors. He is a member of the Board of Directors of Bend Research, Inc. in Bend, Oregon.

Jean De Graeve is a professor of Occupational and Environmental Toxicology at the University of Liege in Belgium. His research fields include analytical chemistry (traces identification and measurements), toxicology (drugs, occupational and environmental risk evaluation), and clinical pharmacology (drug distribution, metabolic pathway, and kinetic compartmental analysis). De Graeve is also Executive Manager of Advanced Technology Corporation since 1985 and serves as a Scientific Advisor to various public and private analytical laboratories. He is member of the Scientific Council of the Hormonology division of the Centre d’Economie Rurale of Marloie, Belgium; member of the Agreement Commission for the accreditation of Hazardous Waste companies (transport, transformation, and elimination of hazardous waste); and, member of various Scientific and Technical Commissions created by the Belgian Authorities in order to control hazardous waste installations (like cement kilns, municipal incinerators, dump sites, industries, and their impact on workers and neighbor’s health (Health consultation program), He received a B.S. and Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Liege.

James E. Hutchison is an associate professor of chemistry at the University of Oregon, where he also serves as director of the Materials Science Institute. Professor Hutchison received his Ph.D. in organic chemistry

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