Appendix F
Selected Sources of Information on Sound Pressure Levels Measured in and Around Military Systems and Equipment

  1. Ali AY. 1988. Noise Hazard Assessment of the Enclosed Primary Cooling Tower System at Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station, Colorado. Brooks Air Force Base, TX: Air Force Occupational and Environmental Health Laboratory.

  2. Averbuch A, Schomer P. 1978. Noise Levels in U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Powerhouses. Champaign, IL: Construction Engineering Research Laboratory.

  3. Brouns AJ, Ely RA. 1978. Analysis of Noise in U.S. Army Aircraft. Dallas, TX: Vought Corp. Advanced Technology Center Inc.

  4. Camp RT. 1965. Noise Spectra of the Bell OH-13-T Helicopter. USAARU Report No. 65-3. Fort Rucker, AL: U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command.

  5. Camp RT, Bailey RW. 1965. Noise Spectra of the Turbo-Beaver. USAARU Report No. 65-4. Fort Rucker, AL: U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command.

  6. Decker WH, Nixon CW. 1985. B-52G Crew Noise Exposure Study. Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH: Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory.

  7. Ellis JC. 1988. Impulse Noise Level Measurements in Defensive Fighting Position Shelters, AF Weapons Laboratory, Kirtland AFB New Mexico. Brooks Air Force Base, TX: Air Force Occupational and Environmental Health Laboratory.

  8. Garinther GR, Kalb JT. 1983. An Acoustical Assessment of the Impulse Noise of Grenade Simulators Exploding in Enclosures. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: Human Engineering Laboratory.



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Noise and Military Service: Implications for Hearing Loss and Tinnitus Appendix F Selected Sources of Information on Sound Pressure Levels Measured in and Around Military Systems and Equipment Ali AY. 1988. Noise Hazard Assessment of the Enclosed Primary Cooling Tower System at Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station, Colorado. Brooks Air Force Base, TX: Air Force Occupational and Environmental Health Laboratory. Averbuch A, Schomer P. 1978. Noise Levels in U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Powerhouses. Champaign, IL: Construction Engineering Research Laboratory. Brouns AJ, Ely RA. 1978. Analysis of Noise in U.S. Army Aircraft. Dallas, TX: Vought Corp. Advanced Technology Center Inc. Camp RT. 1965. Noise Spectra of the Bell OH-13-T Helicopter. USAARU Report No. 65-3. Fort Rucker, AL: U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command. Camp RT, Bailey RW. 1965. Noise Spectra of the Turbo-Beaver. USAARU Report No. 65-4. Fort Rucker, AL: U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command. Decker WH, Nixon CW. 1985. B-52G Crew Noise Exposure Study. Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH: Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory. Ellis JC. 1988. Impulse Noise Level Measurements in Defensive Fighting Position Shelters, AF Weapons Laboratory, Kirtland AFB New Mexico. Brooks Air Force Base, TX: Air Force Occupational and Environmental Health Laboratory. Garinther GR, Kalb JT. 1983. An Acoustical Assessment of the Impulse Noise of Grenade Simulators Exploding in Enclosures. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: Human Engineering Laboratory.

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Noise and Military Service: Implications for Hearing Loss and Tinnitus Gasaway DC. 1964. Characteristics of noise associated with the operation of military aircraft. Aerospace Medicine 35:327–336. Gasaway DC. 1975. A-Weighted Sound Levels in Cockpits of Fixed-and Rotary-Wing Aircraft. Brooks Air Force Base, TX: School of Aerospace Medicine. Gasaway DC. 1976. Noise Levels Measured within Aircraft during Takeoff, Climb, and Cruise (Low, Normal, and High). Brooks Air Force Base, TX: School of Aerospace Medicine. Gasaway DC. 1986. Noise levels in cockpits of aircraft during normal cruise and considerations of auditory risk. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 57(2):103–112. Gasaway DC. 2002. Donald C. Gasaway’s Aircraft Noise Compendia. Brooks City-Base, TX: U.S. Air Force. Gasaway DC, Hatfield JL. 1963. A Survey of Internal and External Noise Environments in US Army Aircraft. USAARU Report No. 64-1. Fort Rucker, AL: U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Unit. Goldstein J. 1975. Noise Hazard Evaluation, Sound Level Data of Noise Sources. Technical Guide TG-040. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: U.S. Army Environmental Hygiene Agency. Goldstein J. 1975. Soldier’s Guide for Occupational Exposure Risk Assessment During Deployment. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: U.S. Army Environmental Hygiene Agency. Gordon E, Ahroon WA. 2000. Noise Levels in the USAARL NUH-60 (Black Hawk) Aeromed Flight Simulator. USAARL Report No. 2000-19. Fort Rucker, AL: U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory. Gordon E, Murphy BA. 2000. Impulse Noise Levels of the UH-60A/ L Black Hawk Helicopter Cockpit Air Bag System. USAARL Report No. 2000-24. Fort Rucker, AL: U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory. Harris JD. 1971. Hearing Conservation and Acoustic Habitability for Submariners. NSMRL 682. Groton, CT: Naval Submarine Medical Research Laboratory. Hatfield JL, Gasaway DC. 1963. Noise Problems Associated with the Operation of U.S. Army Aircraft. USAARU Report No. 63-1. Fort Rucker, AL: U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Unit. Hille HK. 1979. USAF Bioenvironmental Noise Data Handbook—Volume 127 F-15A In-Flight Crew Noise. Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH: Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory. Jones CM. 1983. C-9A Interior Noise Evaluation. Brooks Air Force Base, TX: Air Force Occupational and Environmental Health Laboratory. Karta Technologies, Inc. 1999. Lead-Free Small Arms Ammunition Study. IERA-RS-BR-SR-2000-0001. San Antonio, TX: Air Force Institute for Environment, Safety and Occupational Health Risk Analysis.

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Noise and Military Service: Implications for Hearing Loss and Tinnitus Kugler AB, Hale ME, Rentz PE. 1977. Occupational Noise Exposure on FF 1052 (KNOX) and DD 963 (SPRUANCE) Class Ships. Canoga Park, CA: Bolt Beranek and Newman, Inc. Lambert DR. 1980. Airborne Noise Levels on U.S. Navy Ships. NOSC TD 317. San Diego, CA: Naval Ocean Systems Center. Lambert DR. 1981. Setting Airborne Noise Limits for Navy Shipboard Compartments: Considerations Based on Data from Existing Ships. NOSC TR 712. San Diego, CA: Naval Ocean Systems Center. Luz GA. 1983. Data Base for Assessing the Annoyance of the Noise of Small Arms. Technical Guide TG-135. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: U.S. Army Environmental Hygiene Agency. Magliozzi B, Metzger FB, Bausch W, King RJ. 1975. A Comprehensive Review of Helicopter Noise Literature. Washington, DC: Federal Aviation Administration. McBryan JC, Schomer PD. 1976. Noise in Dishwashing Rooms. Champaign, IL: Construction Engineering Research Laboratory. Mozo BT, Gordon E. 1994. The Assessment of the AH-64D, Longbow, Mast-Mounted Assembly Noise Hazard for Maintenance Personnel. USAARL Report No. 94-37. Fort Rucker, AL: U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory. Newman JS, Rickley EJ. 1979. Noise Levels and Flight Profiles of Eight Helicopters Using Proposed International Certification Procedures. Report No. FAA-EE-79-03. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation. Ostler DA, Cain PA, Gordon E, Fallon EW. 2002. Noise Attenuation in HALO Vertical Wind Tunnel Training. USAARL Report No. 2002-15. Fort Rucker, AL: U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory. Patterson JH, Mozo BT, Marrow RH, McConnell JR, Lomba-Gautier I, Curd DL, Phillips YY, Henderson R. 1985. Direct Determination of the Adequacy of Hearing Protective Devices for Use with the M198, 155mm Towed Howitzer. USAARL Report No. 85-14. Fort Rucker, AL: U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory. Powell RG, Rose JF. 1977. USAF Bioenvironmental Noise Data Handbook: C130E Aircraft, Near and Far-field Noise. Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH: Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory. Ribera JE, Mozo BT, Mason KT, Murphy BA. 1995. Communication and Noise Hazard Survey of CH-47D Crewmembers. Fort Rucker, AL: U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory. [Related publication: Ribera JE, Mozo BT, Mason KT, Murphy BA. 1996. Communication survey of CH-47D crewmembers. Military Medicine 161(7):387–391.] Rickley EJ, Jones KE, Keller AS, Fleming GG. 1993. Noise Measurement Flight Test of Five Light Helicopters. Cambridge, MA: John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center.

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Noise and Military Service: Implications for Hearing Loss and Tinnitus Rose JF. 1969. Measurement and Analysis of Bioacoustic Environments Aboard AC-119G and AC-130A Gunships. AMRL-TR-68-176. Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH: Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory. Schomer PD, Averbuch A, Raspet R. 1982. Operational Noise Data for UH-60A and CH-47C Army Helicopters. Champaign, IL: U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory. Schomer PD, Averbuch A, Raspet R, Wolf RK. 1988. Operational Noise Data for CH-47D and AH-64 Army Helicopters. Champaign, IL: U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory. Schomer PD, Wagner LR, Benson LJ. 1995. Human and Community Response to Military Noise—Results from Field-Laboratory Tests of Small Arms, 25 mm Cannons, Helicopters, and Blast Sounds. Champaign, IL: U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory. Smith PF. 1997. Development of a General Hearing Conservation Standard for Diving Operations: Research on Hearing Conservation for Exposure to Noise in Dry Hyperbaric Environments: I. Basic Considerations and Preliminary Experiments. NSMRL 1204. Groton, CT: Naval Submarine Medical Research Laboratory. Speakman JD, Powell RG, Lee RA. 1978. Community Noise Exposure Resulting from Aircraft Operations: Volume 5. Acoustic Data on Air Force Propeller Aircraft. Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH: Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory. Sterba JA. 1987. Evaluation of an Impulse Noise Producing Underwater Explosive Device on Hearing in Divers. Report No. 10-87. Panama City, FL: Navy Experimental Diving Unit. Thomas JW. 2003. Noise Exposure and Risk of Hearing Loss for Air Force Welders. Fort Collins, CO: Colorado State University. True HC, Letty RM. 1977. Helicopter Noise Measurements Data Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation. U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Hearing Conservation Program. 2004. Noise Levels of Common Army Equipment. [Online]. Available: http://chppm-www.apgea.army.mil/hcp/NoiseLevelsPrint.htm [accessed April 21, 2004]. Webster JC. 1981. Noise Levels on Aircraft Carrier Flight Decks, and Their Effects. NELC 1762. San Diego, CA: Naval Electronics Laboratory Center.