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REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND PAST COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

Before meeting in person, the committee requested a compilation of the results of past studies on the topics it was likely to address. Appendix D provides these background papers on topics such as science, mathematics, and technology education; research funding and productivity; the environment for innovation; and science and technology issues in national and homeland security.

The committee used those documents as a means to review the work of many other groups. Some were individual writers and scholars1 and others were blue ribbon groups, such as the one chaired by former Senator John Glenn, which produced the report Before It’s Too Late2 for the National Commission on Mathematics and Science Teaching for the 21st Century and others at the Council on Competitiveness,3 Center for Strategic and International Studies,4 Business Roundtable,5 Taskforce on the Future of American Innovation,6 President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology,7 National Science Board,8 and other National Academies committees, such as those which produced A Patent System for the 21st Century,9 Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States,10 and Advanced Research Instrumentation and Facili-

1

R. B. Freeman. Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten US Economic Leadership? NBER Working Paper 11457. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2005.

2

Before It’s Too Late: A Report to the Nation from the National Commission on Mathematics and Science Teaching for the 21st Century. Glenn Commission Report. Washington, DC: US Department of Education, 2000.

3

Council on Competitiveness. Innovate America. Washington, DC: Council on Competitiveness, 2004.

4

Center for Strategic and International Studies. Global Innovation/National Competitiveness. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1996.

5

Business Roundtable. Tapping America’s Potential. Washington, DC: Business Roundtable, 2005.

6

Task Force on the Future of American Innovation. The Knowledge Economy: Is America Losing Its Competitive Edge? Washington, DC: Task Force on the Future of American Innovation, 2005.

7

The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. Sustaining the Nation’s Innovation Ecosystems. Report on Information Technology Manufacturing and Competitiveness, January 2004.

8

National Science Board. Science and Engineering Indicators 2004. NSB 04-01. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, 2004.

9

National Research Council. A Patent System for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2004.

10

The National Academies. Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2005.



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