40% of the US college-age population will be members of currently underrepresented minorities.
The federal government has a key role in establishing workforce policies that address national needs and opportunities. Given how many years of education and training are required for someone to become a scientist, engineer, or mathematician, policies may need to focus on long-term opportunities that may help to smooth short-term labor-market dynamics. Among the federal actions that organizations have recommended are the following:
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Undergraduate, Graduate, and Postgraduate Education in Science, Engineering, and Mathematics ."
Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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