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TABLE EL-1 Small-Business Innovation Research Award Funding, by Type of Award: FY 1983-FY 2001

FY

All Agencies

Total

Phase I (feasibility)

Phase II (main phase)

1983

45

45

0

1984

108

48

60

1985

199

69

130

1986

298

99

199

1987

351

110

241

1988

389

102

285

1989

432

108

322

1990

461

118

342

1991

483

128

336

1992

508

128

371

1993

698

154

491

1994

718

220

474

1995

835

232

602

1996

916

229

646

1997

1,107

278

789

1998

1,067

262

804

1999

1,097

300

797

2000

1,190

302

888

2001

1,294

317

977

SOURCE: National Science Board. Science and Engineering Indicators 2004. NSB 04-01. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, 2004. Appendix Table 4-39.

ian Technology Corporation, was proposed by a National Academies committee some years ago.10

THE ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM AND OTHER CONSORTIA

Partly as a response to Japan’s success in benefiting from industrial consortia in such areas as steel and semiconductors, Congress passed the National Cooperative Research Act in 1984. This legislation limited potential antitrust liabilities in order to encourage corporate R&D consortia.

10

NAS/NAE/IOM. The Government Role in Civilian Technology. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1992.



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