FIGURE 3-3 Total science and engineering articles with international coauthors, 1988-2001.
NOTE: Internationally coauthored articles were counted more than once so each country represented on the author list was included. So if an article was written by authors from the United States and Switzerland, it would be included in the count for both countries.
SOURCES: Task Force on the Future of American Innovation based on data from National Science Foundation. Science and Engineering Indicators 2004. Arlington, VA: APS Office and Public Affairs, 2004.