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3-5

 

United States trade balance for high-technology products, in millions of dollars, 1990-2003,

 

77

3-6

 

Science and engineering doctorate production for selected countries, 1975-2001,

 

79

3-7

 

Doctorates awarded by US institutions, by field and citizenship status, 1985-2003,

 

80

3-8

 

US S&E doctorates, by employment sector, 1973-2001,

 

84

3-9A

 

US R&D funding, by source of funds, 1953-2003,

 

85

3-9B

 

R&D shares of US gross domestic product, 1953-2003,

 

85

3-10

 

US venture capital disbursements, by stage of financing, 1992-2002,

 

87

3-11

 

Offshored services market size, in billions of dollars, 2003,

 

91

3-12

 

Department of Defense (DOD) 6.1 expenditures, in millions of constant 2004 dollars, 1994-2005,

 

92

3-13

 

Trends in federal research funding by discipline, obligations in billions of constant FY 2004 dollars, FY 1970-FY 2004,

 

93

3-14

 

Average scale NAEP scores and achievement-level results in mathematics, grades 4 and 8: various years, 1990-2005,

 

96

3-15

 

Percentage of students within and at or above achievement levels in science, grades 4, 8, and 12, 1996 and 2000,

 

97

3-16A

 

Percentage of 24-year-olds with first university degrees in the natural sciences or engineering, relative to all first university degree recipients, in 2000 or most recent year available,

 

99

3-16B

 

Percentage of 24-year-olds with first university degrees in the natural sciences or engineering relative to all 24-year-olds, in 2000 or most recent year available,

 

100

3-17

 

Science and engineering bachelor’s degrees, by field: selected years, 1997-2000,

 

101

5-1

 

UTeach minority enrollment, quality of undergraduate students in the certification recommendations program, student retention, and performance compared with all students in the UT-Austin College of Natural Sciences,

 

118

5-2

 

Professional development index relative to percent of students meeting science standards,

 

123

5-3

 

The number of AP examinations in mathematics, science, and English taken in APIP schools in the Dallas Independent School District (DISD),

 

133

6-1

 

Research and development shares of US gross domestic product, 1953-2003,

 

139

6-2

 

Trends in federal research funding by discipline, obligations in billions of constant FY 2004 dollars, FY 1970-FY 2004,

 

139



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