Grogan HA, Sinclair WK, Voilleque PG. 2000. Assessing Risks from Exposure to Plutonium. Final Report. Part of Task 3: Independent Analysis of Exposure, Dose and Health Risk to Offsite Individuals. Radiological Assessment Corporation (RAC) Report No. 5, Revision 2, February. Neeses, SC.

Hayes J, Michie D, Mikulich LI (eds.). 1979. A Theory of Approximate Reasoning, Machine Intelligence. New York: Halstead Press.

IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2001. Safe Passage: Astronaut Care for Exploration Missions. Board on Health Science Policy, Institute of Medicine. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Kulez J. (September 4-5, 2003). Risk Integration Approaches and Results for the Virginia Class Submarine. [Online]. Available: [Accessed January 10, 2006].

Lash TL, Silliman RA. 2000. A sensitivity analysis to separate bias due to confounding from bias due to predicting misclassification by a variable that does both. Epidemiology 11(5): 544-549.

McDonald CJ. 1996. Medical heuristics: the silent adjudicators of clinical practice. Ann. Intern. Med. 124(1 Pt 1): 56-62.

NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration). 1999. NASA Continuous Risk Management Program. NASA. Online [available:]. Accessed 4/30/05.

NASA. 2004. Bioastronautics Critical Path Roadmap—An approach to risk reduction and management for human space flight: extending the boundaries. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Rev 1 draft, 4/2/2004.

NASA. 2005. Bioastronautics Roadmap—a risk reduction strategy for human space exploration. On-line [available:]. Accessed 1/6/2006.

NCRP (National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements). 1996. A guide for uncertainty analysis in dose and risk assessments related to environmental contamination. NCRP Commentary No. 14. Bethesda, MD: NCRP.

NCRP. 1997. Uncertainties in fatal cancer risk estimates used in radiation protection. NCRP Report No. 126. Bethesda, MD: NCRP.

NCI (National Cancer Institute). 2003. Land CE, Gilbert E, Smith J, Hoffman FO, Apostoiae I, Thomas B, Kocher DM. Report of the NCI–CDC Working Group to Revise the 1985 NIH Radioepidemiological Tables. NIH Publication No. 03-5387. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute.

Starr M, Chalmers I. 2005. The evolution of the Cochrane Library, 1988–2003. Update Software: Oxford. On-line [available:]. Accessed 4/30/05.

Warren-Hicks WJ, Moore DRG (eds.). 1998. Uncertainty Analysis in Ecological Risk Assessment. Pensacola, FL: SETAC Press.

White RJ, Bassingthwaighte JB, Charles JB, Kushmerick MJ, Newman DJ. 2003. Issues of exploration: human health and wellbeing during a mission to Mars. Adv. Space Res. 31: 7–16.

Zadeh L. 1978. Fuzzy sets as a basis for a theory of possibility. Fuzzy Sets and Systems 1: 3–28.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement