FIGURE 2-8 Estimated percentage of persons alive in the U.S. diagnosed with cancer by current age, 2002.

DATA SOURCES: U.S. prevalence counts were estimated by applying U.S. population counts to SEER 9 and historical Connecticut Limited Duration Prevalence proportions and adjusted to represent complete prevalence (2004 submission). Complete prevalence is estimated using the completeness index method (Capocaccia and De Angelis, 1997; Merrill et al., 2000). Populations from January 2002 were based on the average of the July 2001 and July 2002 population estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau. Includes invasive/first primary cases only. The estimated size of the survivorship population in 2002 was 10.1 million.

SOURCE: NCI (2005c).

Years Since Diagnosis

Most cancer survivors (62 percent) had their cancer diagnosed within the previous 10 years (Figure 2-9). Females are more likely to be long-term cancer survivors, with 19 percent diagnosed 20 or more years ago. Among male survivors, 8 percent were diagnosed 20 or more years ago.

Racial, Ethnic, and Economic Characteristics

Individuals who are poor and members of medically underserved groups are less likely to be represented among cancer survivors. When diagnosed with cancer, such individuals are more likely to be diagnosed at later cancer stages, to have worse treatment outcomes, and to experience a shortened period of survival (IOM, 2003). Health disparities arise from a



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